Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(ribs, flesh, body) – decay as aspect of the flesh.

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈戈人月人 (IIOBO), four-corner 00227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 987, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29625
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2933, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8150

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fu²¹⁴/
Harbin /fu²¹³/
Tianjin /fu¹³/
Jinan /fu⁴²/
Qingdao /fu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /fu⁵³/
Xi'an /fu⁵³/
Xining /fv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /fu⁵³/
Lanzhou /fu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /fu⁵¹/
Wuhan /fu⁴²/
Chengdu /fu⁵³/
Guiyang /fu⁴²/
Kunming /fu⁵³/
Nanjing /fu²¹²/
Hefei /fu²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /fu⁵³/
Pingyao /xu⁵³/
Hohhot /fu⁵³/ ~竹
/fəʔ⁴³/ 豆~
Wu Shanghai /ɦu¹³/
/vu¹³/
Suzhou /vu³¹/
Hangzhou /vu¹³/
Wenzhou /vøy²²/
Hui Shexian /fu³⁵/
Tunxi /fu³¹/
Xiang Changsha /fu⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɸu⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /fu/ 豆~
Hakka Meixian /fu⁵³/ 豆~
Taoyuan /fu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fu²²/
Nanning /fu²²/
Hong Kong /fu²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hu⁵³/
/hu²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pou²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu²¹/
/xu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hu³¹/
/hu³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fu³¹/ ~敗
/hu²³/ 豆~
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨoX/ /bʱi̯uX/ /bioX/ /bioX/ /buə̆X/ /bĭuX/ /bioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjuX › /*[b](r)oʔ/ rotten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3524 0 /*boʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. rot, decay, spoil
  2. rotten

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: bu, McCune-Reischauer: pu, Yale: pu)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hủ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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