U+8178, 腸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8178

[U+8177]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8179]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月日一竹 (BAMH), four-corner 76227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 990, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1442, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2095, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8178

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *hljaŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋʔ, *l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ, *laŋ
*l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l'aŋ
*l'aŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ, *laŋ
*hljaŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ, *rlaːŋʔ
*laŋ
*ljaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'aŋ): semantic (body) + phonetic (OC *laŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tn̂g - vernacular; chhiâng/tiông - literary;
  • chhiân - common variant.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰaŋ²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡suə¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zã²³/
Suzhou /zã¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂan¹³/
Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔŋ³⁵/
/tŋ̍³⁵/
/t͡sʰiaŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiɔŋ²¹/
/t͡sɔŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ⁵⁵/
/tɯŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siaŋ³¹/
/ʔdo³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȡiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cháng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cháng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*lraŋ/
English intestines

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14579
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'aŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. intestines
  2. emotions
  3. sausage

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
わた
Grade: 4
kun'yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana わた, romaji wata)

  1. (anatomy) the intestines
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はらわた
Grade: 4
kun'yomi
  • [parawata] → [ɸarawata] → [harawata]. Compound of (hara, stomach) +‎ (wata, intestines).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はらわた, romaji harawata)

  1. (anatomy) the large intestines
    • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
      脯 趺武友 乾肉薄折之曰脯也 大小腸 波良汙多
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō:
      大腸 中黄子云 大腸 音長 波良和太 [...] 爲傳送之府 [...] 膽者中正之官 脾胃者倉稟之官 大腸者傳道之官 小腸者受盛之官 [...]
  2. (anatomy) intestines

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/tyau/ → /tyoː/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ちょう, romaji chō, historical hiragana ちやう)

  1. (anatomy) the intestines; the bowels
    • 1993 December 15, Noriko Sasaki, どうぶつのおしゃさん [The Veterinarian], volume 3 (fiction, in Japanese), 36th edition, Tokyo: Hakusensha, ISBN 4-592-11084-6, page 23:
       (とし) (ごろ) (じょ) (せい) () (ぶん) (ちょう)なんか ()ていていいのだろうか
      Toshigoro no josei ga jibun no chō nanka miteite ī no darōka
      Is it okay for a woman of marriage age to look at her own guts?

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tràng, trường, trướng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.