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U+8178, 腸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8178

[U+8177]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8179]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 130, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 月日一竹 (BAMH), four-corner 76227, composition(GJK) or ⿰(HTV))

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 990, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29721
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1442, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2095, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8178

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'aŋ): semantic  (body) + phonetic  (OC *laŋ).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-yaŋ ~ m-yaŋ (large intestine), whence Helambu Tibetan ནང་ཇུལ (nang jul, viscera; guts; entrails) and Chepang योङ्‌क्‍लीः (yoŋ-kliʔ, intestine) (STEDT).

Schuessler (2007) suggests it is also cognate with Tibetan ལོང་ཀ (long ka, intestines; entrails; guts).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tn̂g - vernacular (“intestine”);
  • chhiâng - literary (“sausage”, may be considered vernacular);
  • chhiân - common variant in Taiwan for “sausage”;
  • tiông/tiâng - literary.
Note:
  • deng5 - vernacular;
  • ciang5 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /tʃʰaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡suə¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zã²³/
    Suzhou /zã¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰia⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂan¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔŋ³⁵/
    /tŋ̍³⁵/
    /t͡sʰiaŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiɔŋ²¹/
    /t͡sɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ⁵⁵/
    /tɯŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /siaŋ³¹/
    /ʔdo³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cháng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    cháng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lraŋ/
    English intestines

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14579
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'aŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) intestine
    2. (figuratively) heart; emotions
    3. sausage

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    わた
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *wata.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana わた, rōmaji wata)

    1. (anatomy) the intestines
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    はらわた
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    • [parawata] → [ɸarawata] → [harawata]. Compound of (hara, stomach) +‎ (wata, intestines).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はらわた, rōmaji harawata)

    1. (anatomy) the large intestines
    2. (anatomy) intestines

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ちょう
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    /tyau/ → /tyoː/.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ちょう, rōmaji chō, historical hiragana ちやう)

    1. (anatomy) the intestines; the bowels

    ReferencesEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jang) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

    1. intestines

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tràng, trường, trướng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.