ChineseEdit

 
arrive; most; to; until
 
today; modern; present; current; this; now
trad. (至今)
simp. #(至今)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (23) (28)
Final () (15) (140)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiɪH/ /kˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiH/ /kᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɪH/ /kiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciH/ /kjim/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiH/ /kjəm/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕiH/ /kĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiH/ /ki̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì jīn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhì jīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyijH › ‹ kim ›
Old
Chinese
/*ti[t]-s/ /*[k]r[ə]m/
English arrive now

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 17342 6599
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjiɡs/ /*krɯm/
Notes

AdverbEdit

至今

  1. up to now; so far; to date; to this day; still
    中國傳統繪畫盛行至今 [MSC, trad.]
    中国传统绘画盛行至今 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó chuántǒng huìhuà shèngxíng zhìjīn. [Pinyin]
    Traditional Chinese painting is popular to this day.
    失散多年女兒至今著落 [MSC, trad.]
    失散多年女儿至今着落 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ nà shīsàn duōnián de nǚ'ér zhìjīn hái wú zhuóluò. [Pinyin]
    The whereabouts of the daughter I lost years ago are still unknown.

SynonymsEdit