See also:

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土廿人口 (GTOR), four-corner 44161, composition)

  1. tower, spire, tall building

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 235, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5332
  • Dae Jaweon: page 473, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 460, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5854

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping taap3, Yale taap3)


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. pagoda, tower, steeple

ReadingsEdit

  • On: とう (tō)
  • Kun: (rare) てら (tera), (rare) おか (oka), あららぎ (araragi)

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

: a pagoda

From Middle Chinese (tɑp).

tapu > taɸu > *tawu > tau > tɔː > to̞ː

An abbreviation for 卒塔婆 (sotoba, sotōba), a transliteration of Sanskrit स्तूप (stūpa, heap) .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とう, historical hiragana たふ, romaji )

  1. (in general) a tower
  2. (Buddhist) a pagoda, a stupa
  3. (Christian) a steeple, spire
  4. (of a castle or fortification) a turret
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
  • 塔は下から組め (とうはしたからくめ, tō wa shita kara kume): build a tower from the ground up → no good building without a good foundation

SuffixEdit

(hiragana とう, romaji -tō)

  1. (in general) a tower
  2. (Buddhist) a pagoda, a stupa
  3. (Christian) a steeple, spire
  4. (of a castle or fortification) a turret

Etymology 2Edit

First appears in the Engishiki compilation of laws created in the early 900s, spelled phonetically in kanji as 阿良良伎 (araragi). Used as a euphemism for (tafu at the time), as that word's Buddhist connotations were viewed as taboo in contexts having to do with the religious center of Itsuki no Miya (斎宮, also known as Saikū).

In non-euphemistic uses, the word araragi refers to either the wild onion (more often known as ノビル (nobiru)) or the Japanese yew tree Taxus cuspidata (more often known as イチイ (ichii)), derived as the stem noun form of the verb 荒らぐ (araragu, to become rough, wild, violent), or as a compound from (arara, roughly, wildly) + (ki, tree), with the ki changing to gi due to rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あららぎ, romaji araragi)

  1. a tower
  2. (tarot) the tower, the sixteenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks
  3. abbreviation for 塔舞 (Araragimai), the title of a piece of bugaku Japanese court dance
Derived termsEdit
  • 塔舞 (あららぎまい, Araragimai): the title of a piece of bugaku Japanese court dance

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(tap) (hangeul [[]], revised tap, McCune-Reischauer t'ap)


MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (ta3), Wade-Giles t'a3)


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tɑp)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tháp, thạp, thóp)

Last modified on 12 April 2014, at 07:48