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See also:
U+8776, 蝶
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8776

[U+8775]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8777]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 中戈心廿木 (LIPTD), four-corner 54194, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1091, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33333
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1556, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2868, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8776

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɦljebs, *hljebs
*l̥ʰebs, *lebs
*ʔljebs
*hljebs
*lebs, *sled
*lebs
*lebs
*lebs
*lebs
*lebs, *led
*lebs
*lebs, *libs
*l̥ʰeːbs
*l̥ʰaːb, *l'eːb
*zreːb, *sled
*zreːb, *l̥ʰeb, *leb
*rlaːb, *ʔl'eːb, *l'eːb
*rlaːb, *sleːb
*l'eb, *leb, *lab
*hljeb, *leb
*hljeb, *hleːb
*hljeb, *sleːb
*leb
*leb
*leb, *l'eːb, *ɦljed
*leb
*leb, *hleːb
*l̥ʰeːb, *l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*l'eːb
*sleːb
*sleːb
*sled
*sled
*sled
*sled
*sled

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰeːb, *l'eːb): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *leb).

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lep (butterfly). See 蝴蝶 (húdié) for more.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ya̍k/ya̍p - vernacular;
  • thia̍p - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ia̍h - vernacular;
    • tia̍p - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (158)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dep̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dep̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɛp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dɛp̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /dep̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /diep̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱiep̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dié
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dié
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dep ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lˁep/
    English hu-dep: butterfly

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11580
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'eːb/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. butterfly
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 蝴蝶 (“butterfly”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 蝴蝶, , 蛺蝶, 蛺蜨
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蝴蝶
    Mandarin Beijing 蝴蝶兒
    Taiwan 蝴蝶
    Harbin 蝴蝶兒
    Shenyang 蝴蝶兒
    Hailar 蝴蝶
    Ulanhot 蝴蝶
    Tongliao 蝴蝶
    Chifeng 蝴蝶
    Bayanhot 蝴蝶
    Jinan 蝴蝶
    Muping 蛾兒
    Luoyang 蝴蝶兒
    Wanrong 蛾兒
    Xi'an 蝴蝶, 蝴蝶兒, 蟬兒
    Zhengzhou 蝴蝶兒
    Xining 打打蛾兒
    Xuzhou 蝴蝶, 蝴蝶兒, 蝴蝶子, 花蝴蝶兒, 花蝴蝶子
    Yinchuan 葉蝶子
    Lanzhou 葉蝶子
    Ürümqi 蝴蝶
    Wuhan 蝴蝶
    Huanggang 蛾子
    Chengdu 蝴蝶, 蝴蝶兒, 飛蛾兒
    Guiyang 蝴蝶
    Guilin 蝴蝶
    Liuzhou 蝴蝶
    Kunming 蝴蝶
    Yangzhou 蝴蝶子, 蝴葉蝶子
    Nanjing 蝴蝶兒
    Hefei 蝴蝶
    Nantong 蝴蝶兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou 蝴蝶, 崩砂
    Hong Kong 蝴蝶
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 蝴蝶
    Foshan 蝴蝶
    Shunde 蝴蝶
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 蝴蝶
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 崩砂, 蝴蝶
    Taishan 蝴蝶
    Kaiping (Chikan) 蝴蝶
    Dongguan 蝴蝶
    Shaoguan 蝴蝶
    Yunfu 蝴蝶
    Yangjiang 蝴蝶, 崩砂
    Xinyi 蝴蝶
    Lianjiang 蝴蝶
    Nanning 蝴蝶
    Wuzhou 蝴蝶
    Yulin 蝴蝶
    Hepu 蝴蝶
    Kuala Lumpur 蝴蝶
    Ho Chi Minh City 蝴蝶
    Gan Nanchang 蝴蝶
    Lichuan 蝴蝶
    Hakka Meixian 蝴蝶, 揚蝶仔
    Luchuan 蝴蝶
    Yudu 蝴蝶
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 揚蝶仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 揚蝶仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝶仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 蝶仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 蝴蝶
    Hong Kong 蝴蝶
    Sabah 蝴蝶
    Senai 蝴蝶
    Singkawang 囊蝶, 蝴蝶
    Huizhou Jixi 飛飛蝶
    Shexian 蝴蝶
    Tunxi 布翼兒
    Xiuning 飛飛兒
    Yixian 扁翼兒
    Qimen 百翼
    Wuyuan 蒲翼
    Jin Taiyuan 蝴蝶, 蝴蝶兒
    Xinzhou 蝴蝶兒, 蛾兒
    Baochang 蝴蝶
    Jining 蝴蝶
    Hohhot 蝴蝶兒
    Baotou 蝴蝶
    Dongsheng 蝴蝶
    Linhe 蛾蛾
    Haibowan 蛾子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 蝴蝶
    Zhenqian 射度
    Shibei 菩蝶
    Min Dong Fuzhou 蝴蝶
    Fuqing 蝴蝶
    Min Nan Xiamen 尾蝶, 蝴蝶, 蝶仔
    Quanzhou 尾蝶, 蝴蝶, 蝶仔
    Zhangzhou 尾蝶, 蝴蝶, 蝶仔
    Taipei 蝶仔, 蝴蝶
    Kaohsiung 蝶仔, 蝴蝶
    Tainan 尾蝶仔
    Taichung 蝶仔
    Wuqi 蝶仔
    Hsinchu 蝶仔, 蝴蝶
    Taitung 尾蝶仔
    Lukang 蝶仔
    Sanxia 蝶仔
    Yilan 蝶仔, 蝴蝶
    Kinmen 尾蝶
    Magong 蝶婆
    Penang 尾蝶
    Singapore 尾蝶, 蝴蝶
    Philippines (Manila) 尾蝶
    Pingnan 蝴蝶
    Chaozhou 尾蝶
    Shantou 尾蝶
    Johor Bahru 尾蝶
    Wenchang 飛蝶
    Haikou 飛蝶
    Leizhou 破碗
    Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 蝴蝶
    Guilin (Dahe) 蝴蝶
    Wu Shanghai 蝴蝶
    Suzhou 蝴蝶
    Wuxi 蝴蝶
    Hangzhou 蝴蝶兒
    Wenzhou 蝴蝶
    Danyang 蝴蝶蝶, 蝴蝶
    Jinhua 蝴蝶兒, 蝴蝶
    Ningbo 蝴蝶
    Xiang Changsha 蝴蝶, 蝴蝶子
    Shuangfeng 飛摸子, 蝴蝶子
    Loudi 飛摸子
    Quanzhou 蝴蝶

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (ちょう) (chō)

    Usage notesEdit

    Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian (现代汉语规范词典) proscribes the use of the pronunciation tiěr.

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (158)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰep̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰep̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛp̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰep̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰiep̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰiep̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tie
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11570
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰeːb/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 蝶𧌏.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. butterfly
    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     チョウ on Japanese Wikipedia
    Kanji in this term
    ちょう
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (dep)

    tepu > tefu > tewu > teu > tjoː [tɕoː]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ちょう, katakana チョウ, rōmaji chō, historical hiragana てふ)

    1. a butterfly (insect)

    See alsoEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (jeop) (hangeul , revised jeop, McCune–Reischauer chŏp, Yale cep)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (điệp)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.