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See also: 金刚石

Contents

ChineseEdit

diamond; an object that is extremely hard and strong rock; stone; 10 pecks
trad. (金剛石) 金剛
simp. (金刚石) 金刚
variant forms 金鋼石金钢石

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (28) (25)
Final () (140) (101) (123)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪm/ /kɑŋ/ /d͡ʑiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚim/ /kɑŋ/ /d͡ʑiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiem/ /kɑŋ/ /d͡ʑiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjim/ /kaŋ/ /d͡ʑiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/kjəm/ /kɑŋ/ /ʑiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕm/ /kɑŋ/ /ʑĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əm/ /kɑŋ/ /ʑi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn gāng shí

NounEdit

金剛石

  1. diamond
    貞觀婆羅僧佛齒堅物……(佛齒金剛石不能羚羊 [MSC, trad.]
    贞观婆罗僧佛齿坚物……(佛齿金刚石不能羚羊 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 唐刘餗《隋唐嘉话》卷中
    Zhēnguān zhì zhōng yǒu póluósēng yán dé fóchǐ, suǒ jī qián wú jiānwù...... (Fù Yì) wén zhī, wèi qí zǐ yuē: ‘Shì fēi fóchǐ. Wú wén jīngāngshí jiān, wù bùnéng dí, wéi língyáng jiǎo pò zhī. Rǔ kě wǎng shì zhī yān.’ [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
金剛石 (kongōseki): a rough uncut diamond.
Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 1
ごう
Grade: S
せき
Grade: 1
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of 金剛 (kongō, adamant, extremely strong) +‎ (seki, stone).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

金剛石 (hiragana こんごうせき, rōmaji kongōseki)

  1. (mineralogy, gems) a diamond

Usage notesEdit

Less commonly used than the English-derived term ダイヤモンド (daiyamondo).

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN