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See also: AUT, Aut, aut', and aut-

Contents

LadinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin altus.

AdjectiveEdit

aut m (feminine singular auta, masculine plural auc, feminine plural autes)

  1. high

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewti (on the other hand), from *h₂ew. Cognate with autem, Ancient Greek αὖ (), αὖτε (aûte), αὐτός (autós), αὐτάρ (autár).

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

aut

  1. or (exclusive or)
    Marcus ludos videbit aut dormiet.
    Marcus will watch the games or sleep [but not both].
    Aut Caesar, aut nihil.
    Either Caesar or nothing (figuratively: all or nothing)
    Aut disce aut discede.
    Either learn or go away.
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, Tobit 3:19:
      et aut ego indigna fui illis aut illi mihi forsitan digni non fuerunt quia forsitan viro alio conservasti me
      And either I was unworthy of them, or they perhaps were not worthy of me: because perhaps thou hast kept me for another man,

Usage notesEdit

  • This word is used in pairs (aut ... aut) to mean "either....or".
  • Unlike vel, this word implies an exclusive "or"; i.e., one option or the other, but not both.

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: o
  • Catalan: o
  • Esperanto:
  • French: ou
  • Galician: ou
  • Ido: o, od
  • Italian: o, od
  • Ligurian: ò
  • Portuguese: ou
  • Romanian: au
  • Romansch: u
  • Spanish: o, u

ReferencesEdit

  • aut in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aut in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aut in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • twenty years and more: viginti anni et amplius, aut plus
    • geographical knowledge: regionum terrestrium aut maritimarum scientia
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *ou-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ew-. Cognates include Lithuanian aũti, Proto-Slavic *uti- (to put on) (> *jьzuti, *obuti), Hittite [script needed] (unu-, to adorn, decorate, lay (the table)), Latin *uō (to put on) (> exuō, induō).

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

aut tr., 1st conj., pres. aunu, aun, aun / auju, auj, auj, past āvu

  1. put on footwear (shoes, boots, socks, etc.)
    zēns āva kājasthe boy put on footwear (lit. on his feet)
    aut kājas pastalāsto put on pastalas (simple footwear) (lit. to put one's feet into pastalas)
    aut kurpes kājasto put on shoes (lit. to put shoes on one's feet)
  2. nosēdos uz akmens un gribēju aut kājas, bet kurpes bija ļoti sabristas — I sat down on a rock and wanted to put shoes on (lit. to put (my) feet (into shoes)), but the shoes were very wet
    Žanis āva kājās stulmeņu zābakusŽanis put the long boots on (his) feet
  3. (figuratively, with kājas) to prepare for a journey (lit. to put on footwear)
    un tūliņ ķēniņš aun kājas savu sievu meklētand quickly the king puts on footwear to go looking for his wife

Usage notesEdit

Note that aut can take two complements, the footwear or the subject's feet. Either can be the direct object, in which case the other will be a locative complement (i.e., either "to put shoes on one's feet" or "to put one's feet into shoes").

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Derksen, Rick (2015), “auti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 73

Middle WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aut

  1. second-person singular imperfect indicative of mynet

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From English out.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aut m inan

  1. (sports) touch (the part of a field beyond the touchlines or goal lines)
  2. (sports) the situation when the ball goes into touch

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

aut

  1. genitive plural of auto

Further readingEdit

  • aut in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Sursilvan) ault
  • (Sutsilvan) òlt
  • (Surmiran, Puter, Vallader) ot

EtymologyEdit

From Latin altus.

AdjectiveEdit

aut m (feminine singular auta, masculine plural auts, feminine plural autas)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun) high

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English out.

NounEdit

aut m (Cyrillic spelling аут)

  1. (sports) area outside the playground borders