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See also:
U+9F13, 鼓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F13

[U+9F12]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F14]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 207, +0, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土廿十水 (GTJE), four-corner 44147, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #207, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1526, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2061, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4763, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F13

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

EtymologyEdit

Area word; compare Proto-Tai *klɔŋᴬ (drum), Saek [script needed] (tlɔɔŋᴬ¹), Proto-Hlai *laŋ¹ (drum), Proto-Wa (*kloʔ, "bronze-drum") (Schuessler, 2007).

(OC *kʷaːʔ, “blind man; musician”) is a derivative.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/koX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɔX/
Li
Rong
/koX/
Wang
Li
/kuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁaʔ/
English drum (n. & v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4337
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷaːʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (music) drum
  2. to beat; to strike; to play (a musical instrument)
  3. to blow
  4. to incite; to encourage
  5. to bulge

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. drum

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
つづみ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/tudumi1//tudumi//t͡sud͡zumi//t͡suzumi/

Attested in the Nihon Shoki. From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *tuntumi. Related to Okinawan (ちじん, chijin).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つづみ, rōmaji tsuzumi)

  1. generic name for musical instruments with a leather head that can be struck.
  2. a tsuzumi, hand drum with leather heads at both ends, used in Japanese traditional performing arts:
    1. a 小鼓 (kotsuzumi)
    2. an 大鼓 (ōtsuzumi)
  3. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest), like the leather head of a tsuzumi

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana つずみ, rōmaji Tsuzumi)

  1. A surname​.

(hiragana つづみ, rōmaji Tsuzumi)

  1. A female given name
  2. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

Various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana つつみ, rōmaji Tsutsumi)

  1. A surname​.

(hiragana ひびき, rōmaji Hibiki)

  1. A female given name
    from 響き (hibiki, echo)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (buk go))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cổ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.