See also: Heft and Hëft

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /hɛft/
  • Rhymes: -ɛft

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English heft, derived from Middle English heven (to lift, heave), equivalent to heave +‎ -t (-th). For development, compare English weft from weave, cleft from cleave, theft from thieve, etc.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

heft (countable and uncountable, plural hefts)

  1. (uncountable) Weight.
    • 1859, Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown at Oxford
      a man of his age and heft
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 5, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Of all the queer collections of humans outside of a crazy asylum, it seemed to me this sanitarium was the cup winner. […] When you're well enough off so's you don't have to fret about anything but your heft or your diseases you begin to get queer, I suppose.
  2. Heaviness, the feel of weight; heftiness.
    A high quality hammer should have good balance and heft.
    • 2014 September 7, Natalie Angier, “The Moon comes around again [print version: Revisiting a moon that still has secrets to reveal: Supermoon revives interest in its violent origins and hidden face”, in The New York Times[1]:
      Unlike most moons of the solar system, ours has the heft, the gravitational gravitas, to pull itself into a sphere.
    • 2021 March 30, J. B. MacKinnon, “An Entire Group of Whales Has Somehow Escaped Human Attention”, in The Atlantic[2]:
      he skull was an awkward armload. Bizarrely, its size, shape, and long, narrow bill brought to mind the head of Big Bird from Sesame Street, but with none of bird-bone’s lightness: It had heft and density.
  3. The act or effort of heaving; violent strain or exertion.
  4. (US, dated, colloquial) The greater part or bulk of anything.
    • 1865, Adeline Dutton Train Whitney, The Gayworthys: a Story of Threads and Thrums
      The turkey's nest was islanded with a fragrant swath , the “heft” of the crop noted and rejoiced over.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

heft (third-person singular simple present hefts, present participle hefting, simple past and past participle hefted)

  1. (transitive) To lift up; especially, to lift something heavy.
    He hefted the sack of concrete into the truck.
  2. (transitive) To test the weight of something by lifting it.
  3. (obsolete) past participle of heave
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From English and Scots dialect, ultimately from Old Norse hefð (possession, statute of limitations, prescriptive right) (compare Old Norse hefða (to acquire prescriptive rights)), from Proto-Germanic *habiþō, equivalent to have +‎ -t (-th). Cognate with Scots heft, heff (an accustomed pasture).

NounEdit

heft (plural hefts)

  1. (Northern England) A piece of mountain pasture to which a farm animal has become hefted (accustomed).
  2. An animal that has become hefted thus.
  3. (West of Ireland) Poor condition in sheep caused by mineral deficiency.

VerbEdit

heft (third-person singular simple present hefts, present participle hefting, simple past and past participle hefted)

  1. (transitive, Northern England and Scotland) To make (a farm animal, especially a flock of sheep) accustomed and attached to an area of mountain pasture.

Etymology 3Edit

From German Heft (notebook).

NounEdit

heft (plural hefts)

  1. A number of sheets of paper fastened together, as for a notebook.
  2. A part of a serial publication.
    • 1900, The Nation Volume 70
      The size of "hefts" will depend on the material requiring attention, and the annual volume is to cost about 15 marks.

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch hefte, from Old Dutch *hefti, from Proto-Germanic *haftiją. Forms with -cht- were dominant in Middle Dutch.

NounEdit

heft n (plural heften, diminutive heftje n)

  1. handle of a knife or other tool, haft, hilt
  2. (metaphor, used absolutely: het heft) control, charge
    Zij heeft hier het heft in handen.She runs the show here.
    Synonyms: gevest, handgreep
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

heft

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of heffen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of heffen

Northern KurdishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Iranian *haptá, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *saptá, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. Compare Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬞𐬙𐬀(hapta), Persian هفت(haft), Ossetian авд (avd), Pashto اووه(uwə).

NumeralEdit

heft

  1. seven

Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the verb hefte.

NounEdit

heft n (definite singular heftet, indefinite plural heft, definite plural hefta)

  1. encumberment

VerbEdit

heft

  1. imperative of hefta and hefte

ReferencesEdit


ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hefð.

NounEdit

heft

  1. A piece of mountain pasture to which a farm animal has become hefted.
  2. An animal that has become hefted thus.

VerbEdit

heft (third-person singular present hefts, present participle heftin, past heftit, past participle heftit)

  1. (transitive) The process by which a farm animal becomes accustomed to an area of mountain pasture.