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ChineseEdit

actually; place; (nominalisation prefix)
 
to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
simp. and trad.
(所以)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (21) (36)
Final () (22) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃɨʌX/ /jɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃiɔX/ /jɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɔX/ /ieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂɨə̆X/ /jɨX/
Li
Rong
/ʃiɔX/ /iəX/
Wang
Li
/ʃĭoX/ /jĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi̯woX/ /iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suǒ suǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ srjoX › ‹ xuX › ‹ yiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-qʰ<r>aʔ/ /*qʰaʔ/ /*ləʔ/
English place (n.); that which 所所 = 許許 = 滸滸 sound of hewing wood take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 5306 14929
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰraʔ/ /*lɯʔ/

ConjunctionEdit

所以

  1. therefore; so; consequently
    明天考試所以今天家裡複習功課 [MSC, trad.]
    明天考试所以今天家里复习功课 [MSC, simp.]
    Míngtiān yào kǎoshì le, suǒyǐ wǒ jīntiān zhǐ néng liú zài jiālǐ fùxí gōngkè. [Pinyin]
    I have a test tomorrow, so I have to stay at home today and review my homework.
    南方人所以張口說話帶有南方口音 [MSC, trad.]
    南方人所以张口说话带有南方口音 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā shì nánfāngrén, suǒyǐ yī zhāngkǒu shuōhuà jiù dàiyǒu nánfāng kǒuyīn. [Pinyin]
    He is from the South, so when he opens his mouth to speak, you can hear his Southern accent.
  2. Used in the first part of a sentence to indicate a reason that will be explained in the second part of the sentence.
    所以反對這個計畫因為覺得其中不少疏漏 [MSC, trad.]
    所以反对这个计画因为觉得其中不少疏漏 [MSC, simp.]
    suǒyǐ yào fǎnduì zhège jìhuà, shì yīnwèi wǒ juéde qízhōng yǒu bùshào shūlòu. [Pinyin]
    My reason for opposing this plan, is because I feel that there are quite a few holes in it.

SynonymsEdit

  • (therefore):

NounEdit

所以

  1. (literary) that by which
  2. (literary) the reason why
  3. (literary) proper behaviour

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 蔡俊明 (Cai Junming), editor (1991), “所以 so˥˧꜔꜒ i~˥˧꜕꜖”, in 《潮州方言詞滙》 (Chaozhou fangyan cihui), 香港 (Hong Kong): 香港中文大學 (the Chinese University of Hong Kong)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Grade: 4
Irregular

EtymologyEdit

Shift from ゆえになり (yue ni nari)ゆえんなり (yue n nari)ゆえん (yue-n). See (yue).[1][2][3] The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

所以 (hiragana ゆえん, rōmaji yuen, historical hiragana ゆゑん)

  1. reason, grounds

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN