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Central FranconianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German *kald, northern variant of kalt, chalt. The variation between the stems kalt and kaal is due to the development -ald--āl-, which occurred only in open syllables.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

kalt (masculine kaale, feminine kaal, comparative kaaler or kääler or kälder, superlative et kaalste or käälste or kältste)

  1. (most dialects) cold
    Loß’ mer heem john, ich hann kaal Föß.
    Let’s go home, my feet are cold.

Usage notesEdit

  • The commoner comparation forms were originally kaaler, et kaalste. Today, those with umlaut are preferred due to influence of German kälter, am kältesten.

CimbrianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • khalt (Luserna, Sette Comuni)

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German kalt, from Proto-Germanic *kaldaz.

AdjectiveEdit

kalt

  1. (Thirteen Communities) cold

ReferencesEdit

  • “kalt” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

VerbEdit

kalt

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of kallen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of kallen

AnagramsEdit


FaroeseEdit

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German kalt, from Proto-Germanic *kaldaz, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gel-. Cognate to Low German kold, koolt, Dutch koud, English cold, Danish kold, Swedish kall.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

kalt (comparative kälter, superlative am kältesten)

  1. cold, chilly; the physical perception of something (objects, weather, body etc.) to have a low temperature
  2. calm, restrained, passionless
  3. cold, frigid (especially when referring to emotions)

Usage notesEdit

  • German kalt means “cold”, but not “feeling cold”; therefore the sentence Ich bin kalt (literally: I am cold) would mean that one’s body has a low temperature, particularly that one’s skin is cold on the outside. The English “I am cold” (that is: I feel cold) is equivalent to German: Mir ist kalt (literally: There is cold to me).

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • kalt in Duden online

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to hit, strike), cognates include Latin clādēs.[1] See the latter for more.

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

kalt tr., 1st conj., pres. kaļu, kal, kaļ, past kalu

  1. to forge
  2. to hammer
  3. to chisel
  4. to coin (money)
  5. to mint (money)
  6. to shoe (a horse)
  7. to peck (of a woodpecker)
  8. to hew

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kalt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

kalt

  1. past participle of kalle

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *kaldaz, whence also Old Saxon kald, Old English cald, Old Norse kaldr, Gothic 𐌺𐌰𐌻𐌳𐍃 (kalds). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gel-.

AdjectiveEdit

kalt

  1. cold

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German kalt, Dutch koud, English cold.

AdjectiveEdit

kalt (comparative kelder, superlative keltscht)

  1. cold