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See also: Wort, wòrt, and wört

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English wort, wurt, wyrte (plant), from Old English wyrt (herb, vegetable, plant, crop, root), from Proto-Germanic *wurtiz, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Cognate with German Wurz (herb, root), Danish urt (herb), Swedish ört (herb), Icelandic jurt (herb), Latin rādix (root). More at root.

NounEdit

wort (plural worts)

  1. (archaic) A plant; herb; vegetable.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, (please specify |partition=1, 2, or 3):
      :
      he drinks water, and lives on wort leaves, pulse, like a hogg, or scraps like a dog […].
    • 1845, Rev. Jeremy Taylor, Works:
      It is an excellent pleasure to be able to take pleasure in worts and water, in bread and onions, for then a man can never want pleasure when it is so ready for him, that nature hath spread it over all its provisions.
  2. Any of various plants or herbs. The word is usually used in combination to refer to specific plants, e.g. St. John’s wort; however, it may be used on its own as a generic term.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English wort, worte (brewing wort), from Old English wyrt, wyrte (brewing wort, new beer, spice), from Proto-Germanic *wurtijō (spice), from Proto-Indo-European *wr̥h₂d- (sprout, root). Cognate with Dutch wort (wort), German Würze (wort, seasoning, spice), Danish urt (beer wort), Swedish vört (beer wort).

NounEdit

wort (uncountable)

  1. (brewing) Liquid extract from the ground malt and grain soaked in hot water, the mash, as one of the steps in making beer.
    • 2004, Harold McGee, chapter 13, in On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen, Scribner, →ISBN:
      Making the wort with nothing but barley malt and hot water is the standard method in Germany, and in many U.S. microbreweries. In most large breweries in the United States and elsewhere, unmalted “adjunct” sources of carbohydrate— ground or flaked rice, corn, wheat, barley, even sugar— are commonly added to the liquid to lower the amount of malt needed, and so the brewer’s production costs.
    • 2017, Jon C. Stott, Beer 101 North:
      While Robert and I were chatting generally about the craft brewing explosion, Piper arrived in the taproom. He didn't call her his “ale wife,” but it soon became apparent that she had “good wort cunning.”
TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Alemannic GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German wort, from Old High German wort, from Proto-Germanic *wurdą. Cognate with German Wort, Dutch woord, English word, Icelandic orð.

NounEdit

wort n

  1. (Formazza) word

ReferencesEdit

  • “wort” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

wort n (uncountable)

  1. wort (unfermented beer)

Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch wort, from Proto-Germanic *wurdą, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰh₁om.

NounEdit

wort n or f

  1. word
  2. diction, what someone says or writes
  3. prescription, order

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • wort”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • wort (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English wyrt (plant, herb), from Proto-Germanic *wrōts (oblique stem *wurt-, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds. Doublet of rote (root).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

wort (plural wortes or worten)

  1. A plant (not including trees, shrubs, etc.):
    • a. 1382, John Wycliffe, “Matheu 13:31-32”, in Wycliffe's Bible:
      Another parable Jheſus puttide forth to hem, and ſeide, The kyngdom of heuenes is lijk to a corn of ſeneuey, which a man took, and ſewe in his feeld. / Which is the leeste of alle ſeedis, but whanne it hath woxen, it is the moste of alle wortis, and is maad a tre; ſo that briddis of the eir comen, and dwellen in the bowis therof.
      Jesus put another parable in front of them; he said: "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed that a person took and sowed in their field. / It is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it grows, it is the largest of all the plants; it becomes a tree, so the birds of the air come and nest in its branches."
    1. A plant that is wild or not cultivated or harvested.
    2. A plant that harvested or grown; often as a herb or vegetable.
    3. A plant employed for supposed curative or medical properties.
    4. A leaf as part of a salad or other vegetable dish.
Usage notesEdit

This term is often used in compounds.

Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English wyrt, wyrte (wort), from Proto-Germanic *wurtijō.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

wort (uncountable)

  1. Wort (as in brewing) or an analogous mixture (e.g. used for mead)
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German wort.
The sense verb is a literal translation of Latin verbum.

NounEdit

wort n

  1. word
  2. (grammar) verb
    • 14th century, Heinrich von Mügeln. Normalised spellings: 1867, Karl Julis Schröer, Die Dichtungen Heinrichs von Mügeln (Mogelîn) nach den Handschriften besprochen, Wien, p. 476:
      Nam, vornam, wort, darnâch
      zûwort, teilfanc, zûfûg ich sach,
      vorsatz, înworf under irem dach
      gemunzet und geformet stân.

DescendantsEdit


Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wurdą, from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰo-.

NounEdit

wort n

  1. word

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • wort”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *wurdą, whence also Old Dutch wort, Old Saxon and Old English word, Old Norse orð, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌳 (waurd). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *werdʰo-.
The sense verb is a literal translation of Latin verbum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

wort n

  1. word
  2. (grammar) verb

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit