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U+8349, 草
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8349

[U+8348]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+834A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿日十 (TAJ), four-corner 44406, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1030, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30945
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1489, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3203, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8349

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsuːʔ
*sʰuːʔ
*sʰuːʔ
*sʰuːʔ
*zuːʔ
*zuːʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰuːʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔsuːʔ).

Etymology 1Edit

Variant glyph of .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chháu - vernacular;
  • chhó/chhó͘ - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡sʰau²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑu¹³/
Jinan /t͡sʰɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡sʰɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Xining /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰau⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰao⁴²/
Kunming /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡sʰɔo²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʰɔ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰæ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰɜ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰə³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰau³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰo³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰou³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰou³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰau³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰau⁵³/
/t͡sʰo⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sau²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰawX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰɑuX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cǎo cǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshawX › ‹ tshawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˤuʔ/ /*[tsʰ]ˤuʔ/
English grass, plants rough, coarse

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰuːʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. grass; straw; thatch
  2. herbal grasses; herbs
  3. (by extension) any such green, leafy plant without any bark (plants, not trees)
  4. draft; sketch
  5. sloppy; hasty
  6. (calligraphy) Short for 草書草书 (cǎoshū, “cursive script (grass script)”).
  7. (slang, euphemistic) Alternative form of (cào, “fuck”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Original meaning of this character.

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 5032
  • Halpern: 2263
  • Halpern Learners: 1450
  • Heisig: 224
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3k6.13
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
くさ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くさ, rōmaji kusa)

  1. grass; a weed
  2. a herb
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
そう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

/sau//sɔː//soː/

From Middle Chinese (tshawX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana そう, rōmaji , historical hiragana さう)

  1. grass
  2. a draft, a rough copy
  3. cursive, calligraphy in a running hand
  4. something unofficial, an informal abbreviation or knock-off
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From multiple w's resembling the shape of grass; 笑い ("warai"), which means "laugh", is spelled as "w" in Internet slang to convey laughter or amusement.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くさ, rōmaji kusa)

  1. (Internet slang) LOL; an expression of laughter

ParticleEdit

(hiragana くさ, rōmaji kusa)

  1. (Internet slang) …it's hilarious
     () ()すぎて (くさ)
    heta-sugite kusa
    hilariously shitty
Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

草 is often used alone.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cho)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: ch'o, Yale: cho)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. grass

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thảo, tháu, xáo)

  1. grass
  2. straw
  3. thatch
  4. herbs

ReferencesEdit