See also:
U+4F01, 企
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F01

[U+4F00]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F02]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人卜中一 (OYLM), four-corner 80101, composition𠆢)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 95, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 422
  • Dae Jaweon: page 201, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4F01

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (13) (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠiᴇX/ /kʰiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚiɛX/ /kʰiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiɛX/ /kʰjɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰjiə̆X/ /kʰiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/kʰjeX/ /kʰieH/
Wang
Li
/kʰǐeX/ /kʰǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰie̯X/ /kʰie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hei2 hei3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjieX › ‹ khjieH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeʔ/ /*kʰeʔ-s/
English stand on tiptoe stand on tiptoe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10098 10099
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeʔ/ /*kʰes/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to stand on tiptoe
  2. (Cantonese, Hakka) to stand
  3. to expect anxiously
      ―  wàng  ―  to hope for
  4. to plan
    /   ―  huà  ―  to plan; plan
  5. (chiefly in compounds) Short for 企業企业 (qǐyè, “enterprise”).
    /   ―  guó  ―  state-owned enterprise
      ―    ―  private enterprise
    關係 / 关系  ―  zhèng- guānxì  ―  relationship between the government and the enterprises
  6. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • (to stand):

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. plan

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰˠiᴇX, kʰiᴇH).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 꾀할 (kkoehal gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (plan).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings:

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.