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ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(垃圾)
alternative forms
 
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EtymologyEdit

From earlier 擸𢶍 (“to jumble; jumble; litter”). Reduplication derived from a root (*lap or *sap) meaning "untidy, unclean".

Second syllable of the Mainland Mandarin reading lājī is irregular, resulting from the incorrect association of the rare character in its obsolete form () with the usual pronunciation of its phonetic component ( ()).

Cognate with 邋遢 (lāta, “unclean, untidy, unkempt”) (> 邋邋遢遢, 邋裡邋遢邋里邋遢).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • 3la xi - modern;
  • 5leq seq - near-obsolete.

NounEdit

 
垃圾 Trash

垃圾

  1. garbage; rubbish; trash; waste; refuse; junk
    清理垃圾  ―  qīnglǐ lājī  ―  to clean up the rubbish
    垃圾  ―  rēng lājī  ―  to litter
  2. rubbish (a valueless thing)
  3. junk messages; spam; unsolicited messages
    昨天收到三十垃圾短信 [MSC, trad.]
    昨天收到三十垃圾短信 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ zuótiān shōudào le sānshí duō tiáo lājī duǎnxìn. [Pinyin]
    I received over 30 spam text messages yesterday.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

垃圾

  1. (colloquial) very bad; rubbish
    電影垃圾 / 电影垃圾  ―  Diànyǐng tài lājī le!  ―  This movie is so shit!

Pronunciation 2Edit


AdjectiveEdit

垃圾

  1. (Min Nan, Hakka) dirty; unhygienic
  2. (Hakka) haunted
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit