Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+5531, 唱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5531

[U+5530]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5532]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口日日 (RAA), four-corner 66060, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 193, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3765
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 640, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5531

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰjaŋ
*tʰjaŋ, *tʰjaŋs
*tʰjaŋ
*tʰjaŋ
*tʰjaŋ
*tʰjaŋ
*tʰjaŋ
*tʰjaŋ
*tʰjaŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjaŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *tʰjaŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhiùⁿ/chhiòⁿ - vernacular;
  • chhiàng/chhiòng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ⁵³/
/t͡sʰɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /tʃʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰɒ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑŋ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
Nanning /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰœŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔŋ²¹/
/t͡sʰiũ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiaŋ²¹³/
/t͡sʰio²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ³⁵/
/sio³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə-tʰaŋ-s/
English to lead (in singing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1257
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to sing
      ―  chàng  ―  to sing a song
  2. to chant
  3. to call
  4. song
  5. A surname​.

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ch'ang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xướng, xẳng, xang, sướng, xắng, xẵng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.