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U+61C9, 應
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61C9

[U+61C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61CA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 戈人土心 (IOGP) or 戈土心 (IGP), four-corner 00231, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 405, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 746, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2359, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+61C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯŋ, *qɯŋs
*qɯŋ
*qɯŋ
*qɯŋs
*qɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯŋ, *qɯŋs): phonetic  (OC *qɯŋ) + semantic  (heart).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 應 (該)
Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /iŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iŋ²¹/
Jinan /iŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /iŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /iŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /iŋ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in³⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in²¹³/
Kunming /ĩ¹/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /in⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /in⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ⁵³/
Nanning /jeŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/ĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔing ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q](r)əŋ/
English ought

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15346
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

 
Wikipedia has articles on:
應姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Yīng (English)
  1. should; ought to
  2. perhaps; maybe
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • en - colloquial ("to reply");
  • yin - literary ("to agree, to handle");
  • yín - colloquial ("to promise").
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ìn - vernacular;
    • èng - literary;
    • eng - surname.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 應 (對)
    Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /iŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /iŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /iŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /iə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /iŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ĩn¹³/
    Ürümqi /iŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /in³⁵/
    Chengdu /in¹³/
    Guiyang /in²¹³/
    Kunming /ĩ²¹²/
    Nanjing /in⁴⁴/
    Hefei /in⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /iŋ³⁵/
    /i³⁵/ 答~
    Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /iŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /in⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ʔin⁵³⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /j̠aŋ⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /in⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /in⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /in⁴⁵/ ~付
    /ŋiɛn⁴⁵/ ~一聲
    Hakka Meixian /in⁵³/
    Taoyuan /in⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ³³/
    Nanning /jeŋ³³/
    Hong Kong /jiŋ³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ²¹/
    /in²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛiŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /aiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ³⁵/
    /in³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (133)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔieŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiəŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭəŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯əŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yìng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15349
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to answer; to reply
    2. to permit; to promise
    3. to agree; to echo; to go along with
    4. to handle; to deal with
    5. (of words, etc.) to come true; to be confirmed
    6. to suit; to fit
    7. to accept
    8. 41st tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "response"

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eung) (hangeul , revised eung, McCune-Reischauer ŭng, Yale ung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ứng, ưng, ừng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.