Open main menu
See also: and
U+61C9, 應
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61C9

[U+61C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61CA]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 戈人土心 (IOGP) or 戈土心 (IGP), four-corner 00231, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 405, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 746, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2359, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+61C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯŋ, *qɯŋs
*qɯŋ
*qɯŋ
*qɯŋs
*qɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯŋ, *qɯŋs): phonetic  (OC *qɯŋ) + semantic  (heart).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • êng3 - literary;
  • ing3 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 應 (該)
    Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /iŋ²¹/
    Jinan /iŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /iŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /iŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /iŋ²¹/
    Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ĩn¹³/
    Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /in³⁵/
    Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /in²¹³/
    Kunming /ĩ¹/
    Nanjing /in³¹/
    Hefei /in²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
    Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /in⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /in⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /in⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /jeŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /jiŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (133)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔieŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiəŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭəŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯əŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔing ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[q](r)əŋ/
    English ought

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 15346
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. should; ought to
    2. perhaps; maybe

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • en - colloquial ("to reply");
    • yin - literary ("to agree, to handle");
    • yín - colloquial ("to promise").
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ìn - vernacular;
    • èng - literary;
    • eng - surname.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 應 (對)
    Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /iŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /iŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /iŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /iə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /iŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ĩn¹³/
    Ürümqi /iŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /in³⁵/
    Chengdu /in¹³/
    Guiyang /in²¹³/
    Kunming /ĩ²¹²/
    Nanjing /in⁴⁴/
    Hefei /in⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /iŋ³⁵/
    /i³⁵/ 答~
    Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /iŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /in⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ʔin⁵³⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /j̠aŋ⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /in⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /in⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /in⁴⁵/ ~付
    /ŋiɛn⁴⁵/ ~一聲
    Hakka Meixian /in⁵³/
    Taoyuan /in⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ³³/
    Nanning /jeŋ³³/
    Hong Kong /jiŋ³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ²¹/
    /in²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ɛiŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /aiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ³⁵/
    /in³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (133)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɨŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔieŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiəŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭəŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯əŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yìng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15349
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qɯŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to answer; to reply
    2. to permit; to promise
    3. to agree; to echo; to go along with
    4. to handle; to deal with
    5. (of words, etc.) to come true; to be confirmed
    6. to suit; to fit
    7. to accept
    8. 41st tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "response" (𝌮)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 應 (該) 應 (對)
    Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵⁵/ /iŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /iŋ⁴⁴/ /iŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /iŋ²¹/ /iŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /iŋ²¹³/ /iŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /iŋ²¹³/ /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iŋ³¹²/ /iŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /iŋ²¹/ /iŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/ /iə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/ /iŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ĩn¹³/ /ĩn¹³/
    Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/ /iŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /in³⁵/ /in³⁵/
    Chengdu /in⁵⁵/ /in¹³/
    Guiyang /in²¹³/ /in²¹³/
    Kunming /ĩ¹/ /ĩ²¹²/
    Nanjing /in³¹/ /in⁴⁴/
    Hefei /in²¹/ /in⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/ /iəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /iŋ¹³/ /iŋ³⁵/
    /i³⁵/ 答~
    Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵⁵/ /ĩŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/ /iŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /in⁵⁵/ /in⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ʔin³³/ /ʔin⁵³⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/ /j̠aŋ⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³²⁴/ /iʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /iɛ¹¹/ /in⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /in⁵⁵/ /in⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/ /in⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/ /in⁴⁵/ ~付
    /ŋiɛn⁴⁵/ ~一聲
    Hakka Meixian /in⁴⁴/ /in⁵³/
    Taoyuan /in⁵⁵/ /in⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jeŋ⁵³/ /jeŋ³³/
    Nanning /jeŋ⁵⁵/ /jeŋ³³/
    Hong Kong /jiŋ⁵⁵/ /jiŋ³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iŋ⁵⁵/ /iŋ²¹/
    /in²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/ /ɛiŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ³³/ /aiŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ³³/ /eŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /eŋ²³/ /eŋ³⁵/
    /in³⁵/

    DefinitionsEdit

     
    Wikipedia has articles on:
    1. A surname​.

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eung) (hangeul , revised eung, McCune–Reischauer ŭng, Yale ung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ứng, ưng, ừng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.