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U+5C3A, 尺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3A

[U+5C39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 44, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸人 (SO), four-corner 77807)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 299, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 964, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C3A

ChineseEdit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰjaɡ
*tʰjaɡ

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chióh - vernacular;
  • chék - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhioh - vernacular;
    • chhek/chhiak - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰak̚¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰɑk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɛk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
    /t͡sʰioʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰioʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚³/
    /sio⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (123)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰiæk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰiajk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chǐ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhek ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰAk/
    English foot (measure)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1461
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰjaɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. chi; Chinese foot (a traditional Chinese unit of distance based on the human forearm and equal to 10 cun () or 1/10 zhang ())
    2. (Mainland China) mainland chi; Chinese foot, standardized in 1984 as 1/3 meter
    3. (Taiwan) Taiwanese foot, standardized as 10/33 meter and identical to the Japanese shaku
    4. (Hong Kong) chek; Hong Kong foot, standardized as 0.371475 meters
    5. (informal) imperial foot
    6. ruler (straightedge) (Classifier: )
    7. tape measure
    See alsoEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (music) Gongche notation of re (2).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    しゃく
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (tsyhek, foot (measure)).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana しゃく, rōmaji shaku, alternative reading せき, rōmaji seki)

    1. The shaku, "metal shaku", or Japanese foot: a traditional Japanese unit of length equal to 10 sun () or 1/10 (), standardized as 10/33 of a meter
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 6, page 46:
        [...] 廣本無上字、説文、尺十寸也、人手却十分動脈爲寸口、十寸爲尺、尺所以指尺規榘事也从尸从乙、乙所識也、今俗呼佐之或呼毛乃佐之 [...]
      • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō (volume 9, page 55)
        シャク 十寸為尺
      • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 741)
        Xacu. シャク (尺) 1 palmoよりも少し長い, ある尺度. 例, Ixxacu, nixacu. (一尺, 二尺) Xacuuo toru. l, xacudoru. (尺を取る. または, 尺取る) 上述のようなpalmoを単位として寸法を計る.
    2. The "whale shaku", a variant of the shaku used in measuring cloth equal to 125/330 of a meter
    3. length
    4. (zoology) The geometer moth (Geometra papilionaria)
      • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 741)
        Xacu. l, xacumuxi. シャク. または, しゃくむし (尺. または, 尺虫) 歩くときに身を縮めたりしながら進む一種の小虫. Xacude taiuo tçuru. (尺で鯛を釣る) 諺. この小虫で鯛を釣って取る人のように, 小さなもので大きなものを手に入れる.
    5. (zoology) The inchworm
    IdiomsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Compound of bound (taka, bamboo) +‎ 測り (hakari), voiced due to compounding.

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana たかばかり, rōmaji takabakari)

    1. a bamboo measure
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 6, page 46:
        魏武上雜物䟽云、象牙尺、齒亦反、辨色立成云、尺竹量也、太加波可利

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (cheok) (hangeul , revised cheok, McCune–Reischauer ch'ŏk, Yale chek)

    1. () Korean foot (30.3cm)
    2. () measure
    3. (길이) length

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (xích, xách, xế, xệch, xịch, sệch, xạch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit