See also: and R
U+5C3A, 尺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3A

[U+5C39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3B]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 44, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸人 (SO), four-corner 77807, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 299, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 964, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C3A

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Pronunciation edit


Note: 'chí' pronunciation only used in 尺寸 (chícun).
Note:
  • chióh - vernacular;
  • chék - literary.
Note:
  • chhioh - vernacular;
  • chhek/chhiak - literary.
Note:
  • cioh4 - Shantou;
  • ciêh4 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰak̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃʰɑk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɛk̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɛk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
/t͡sʰioʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /t͡sʰioʔ²/
Haikou (Hainanese) /sek̚³/
/sio⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsyhek
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cik1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǐ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhek ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰAk/
English foot (measure)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1461
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjaɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. chi; Chinese foot (a traditional Chinese unit of distance based on the human forearm and equal to 10 cun () or 1/10 zhang ())
  2. (Mainland China) mainland chi; Chinese foot, standardized in 1984 as 1/3 meter
  3. (Taiwan) Taiwanese foot, standardized as 10/33 meter and identical to the Japanese shaku
  4. (Hong Kong) chek; Hong Kong foot, standardized as 0.371475 meters
  5. (informal) imperial foot
    Synonyms: 英尺 (yīngchǐ), (chǐ)
  6. ruler (straightedge) (Classifier: m c;  m h mn;  m)
  7. tape measure
Synonyms edit
  • (ruler):
See also edit

Compounds edit

Descendants edit
  • English: chi, chek
  • Zhuang: cik

Etymology 2 edit

trad.
simp. #

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (music) Kunqu gongche notation for the note re (2).
  2. (music) Cantonese opera gongche notation for the note re (2).

Compounds edit

Derived terms edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. shaku (measurement)
  2. measure

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しゃく
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC tsyhek).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(しゃく) or (せき) (shaku or seki

  1. the shaku, "metal shaku", or Japanese foot: a traditional Japanese unit of length equal to 10 sun () or 110 (), standardized as 1033 of a meter
    • 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 6, page 46:
      [...] 廣本無上字、説文、尺十寸也、人手却十分動脈爲寸口、十寸爲尺、尺所以指尺規榘事也从尸从乙、乙所識也、今俗呼佐之或呼毛乃佐之 [...]
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō (volume 9, page 55)
      シャク 十寸為尺
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • 1603–1604, Nippo Jisho, page 741:
      Xacu. シャク (尺) 1 palmoよりも少し長い, ある尺度. 例, Ixxacu, nixacu. (一尺, 二尺) Xacuuo toru. l, xacudoru. (尺を取る. または, 尺取る) 上述のようなpalmoを単位として寸法を計る.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  2. the "whale shaku", a variant of the shaku used in measuring cloth equal to 2566 of a meter
  3. length
  4. (zoology) The geometer moth (Geometra papilionaria)
    • 1603–1604, Nippo Jisho, page 741:
      Xacu. l, xacumuxi. シャク. または, しゃくむし (尺. または, 尺虫) 歩くときに身を縮めたりしながら進む一種の小虫. Xacude taiuo tçuru. (尺で鯛を釣る) 諺. この小虫で鯛を釣って取る人のように, 小さなもので大きなものを手に入れる.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
  5. (zoology) the inchworm
Idioms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
たかばかり
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
竹量
鷹秤

Compound of bound (taka, bamboo) +‎ 測り (hakari), voiced due to compounding.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ta̠ka̠ba̠ka̠ɾʲi]

Noun edit

(たかばかり) (takabakari

  1. a bamboo measure
    • 938, Minamoto no Shitagō, Wamyō Ruijushō, volume 6, page 46:
      魏武上雜物䟽云、象牙尺、齒亦反、辨色立成云、尺竹量也、太加波可利
      Rule The Record of Emperor Wei Wu's Various Possessions speaks of an ivory rule, fanqie shaku. The Establishment of Distinct Colours says a rule is a bamboo measure, takapakari.

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eum (cheok))

  1. Hanja form? of (Korean foot (30.3cm)).
  2. Hanja form? of (ruler; straightedge).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: xích[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: xệch[2][5][4], xách[1][5], xế[2][5], xích[3][6], sệch[2], xạch[2], xịch[5]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References edit