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See also:
U+8AA0, 誠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AA0

[U+8A9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AA1]
誠 U+2F9CF, 誠
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9CF
䛇
[U+2F9CE]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 諭
[U+2F9D0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口戈竹尸 (YRIHS), four-corner 03650, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35497
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3963, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8AA0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ, *djeŋs
*djeŋ
*djeŋs
*djeŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djeŋ): semantic  (speech) + phonetic  (OC *djeŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chiâⁿ - vernacular;
  • sêng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eŋ/
English sincere

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1419
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sincere, honest
  2. true, real
  3. (Min Nan) very

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (very):
Dialectal synonyms of (“very; quite”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 非常, , 十分,
Mandarin Beijing , , 倍兒
Taiwan ,
Tianjin ,
Jinan ,
Xi'an
Wuhan ,
Chengdu ,
Yangzhou , ,
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , ,
Liudui (S. Sixian) , ,
Hsinchu (Hailu) , ,
Dongshi (Dabu) , ,
Hsinchu (Raoping) , ,
Yunlin (Zhao'an) , , 實在
Sabah
Jin Taiyuan ,
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou ,
Min Nan Xiamen , , , 有夠
Quanzhou , , , 有夠
Zhangzhou , , , 足範, 有夠, 出奇, 極死, 見死
Taipei ,
Kaohsiung 有夠, , , ,
Tainan 有夠, , , ,
Taichung , ,
Hsinchu ,
Lukang ,
Sanxia ,
Yilan 有夠, , ,
Kinmen ,
Magong ,
Penang , , 真正
Philippines (Manila) ,
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai ,
Suzhou
Wenzhou , ,
Xiang Changsha ,
Shuangfeng

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term
まこと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まこと, rōmaji makoto)

  1. sincerity

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana まこと, rōmaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune–Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thành, thiêng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.