Contents

ChineseEdit

lonesome lonesome
simp. and trad.
(寂寞)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (15) (4)
Final () (127) (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zek̚/ /mɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zek̚/ /mɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɛk̚/ /mɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zɛjk̚/ /mak̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡zek̚/ /mɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡ziek̚/ /mɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱiek̚/ /mɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzek ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-[d]ˤiwk/
English quiet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11734 9255
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlɯːwɢ/ /*maːɡ/

AdjectiveEdit

寂寞

  1. lonely; lonesome
  2. quiet; still

NounEdit

寂寞

  1. loneliness; desolation
  2. quiet; still

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (寂寞):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せき
Grade: S
ばく
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

寂寞 ‎(hiragana せきばく, romaji sekibaku)

  1. loneliness, desolation

AdjectiveEdit

寂寞 ‎(-tari inflection, hiragana せきばく, romaji sekibaku)

  1. lonely, desolate

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

寂寞 ‎(jeongmak) ‎(hangeul 적막)

  1. Hanja form? of 적막, “loneliness, desolation”.