U+962E, 阮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-962E

[U+962D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+962F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 弓中一一山 (NLMMU), four-corner 71211, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1346, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41569
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1848, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4116, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+962E

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̥ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋon, *ŋonʔ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ŋon).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
 
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

The ruan is named after Chinese scholar 阮咸 (Ruǎn Xián) of the Six Dynasties period, who played this instrument.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • nuōng - instrument;
  • uōng - surname.
Note:
  • nguêng2 - Chaozhou;
  • nguang2 - Shantou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuan²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʐuan²¹³/
/yan²¹³/
Tianjin /yan¹³/
/ʐuan¹³/
Jinan /yã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuan⁵³/
Xi'an /vã⁵³/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐuan⁵³/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /zuan⁵³/
Guiyang /zuan⁴²/
Kunming /ʐuã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /ʐuaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /ʐʊ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /zuæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /ʐuɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵyø²³/
Suzhou /ɦiø³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔyõ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ne³⁵/
Tunxi /yɛ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /yẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /ŋion³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn³⁵/
Nanning /yn²⁴/
Hong Kong /jyn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /guan⁵³/
/ŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋuoŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nyiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʉɐnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷiɐnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiuɐnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuanX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiuɐnX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭwɐnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯wɐnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16153
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋonʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​.
  2. (historical) state of Ruan (a small state during the Shang Dynasty)
  3. (music) ruan
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Contraction of 我儂我侬 (góa-nâng, “we”). See (“person; pronoun suffix”) for more.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Min Nan, exclusive) we; our
  2. (Hokkien) I; my
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 我們 (“we”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 吾儕我等我曹我輩
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 我們
Mandarin Beijing 我們
Taiwan 我們
Tianjin 我們
Jinan 我們俺們俺這伙
Xi'an 我的我們
Wuhan 我們
Chengdu 我們
Yangzhou 我們
Hefei 我們
Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
Hong Kong 我哋
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 我個裡我們
Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人𠊎等
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎兜𠊎等𠊎兜人𠊎兜儕𠊎這兜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等𠊎等人
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎兜𠊎等𠊎兜人𠊎兜儕
Dongshi (Dabu) 吾等吾這兜吾這兜人
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𠊎兜𠊎等𠊎兜人𠊎兜儕
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎人
Jin Taiyuan 我們俺們
Min Bei Jian'ou 我人我伙人
Min Dong Fuzhou 我各儂
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉我伲 dated dated
Suzhou
Wenzhou 我倈
Ningbo 阿拉
Xiang Changsha 我們
Shuangfeng 我哩卬哩

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuan/
Li
Rong
/ŋiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16152
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋon/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. The name of a mountain.
  2. Alternative form of (yuán), only used in 五阮關五阮关.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(wan, won) (hangeul , , revised wan, won, McCune-Reischauer wan, wŏn, Yale wan, wen)

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VietnameseEdit

 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.