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ChineseEdit

 
small; tiny; few; young
peaceful; spongy (of radishes)
simp. and trad.
(小康)
Literally: “small tranquility”.
 
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小康

EtymologyEdit

From a passage in The Book of Rites:

……小康 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
……小康 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: The Book of Rites, circa 4th – 2nd century BCE
...... Rú yǒu bù yóu cǐ zhě, zài shì zhě qù, zhòng yǐ wéi yāng, shì wèi xiǎokāng. [Pinyin]
[] Any rulers who did not follow this course were driven away by those who possessed power and position, and all regarded them as pests. This is the period of what we call Small Tranquillity.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

小康

  1. (Chinese philosophy) Confucian near-ideal state of society; period of peace and prosperity
  2. (modern uses) comparatively good living standards; moderate affluence

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
こう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

/seukau//ɕeukau//ɕeukɔː//ɕoːkoː/

From Middle Chinese compound 小康 (sjewX khang, literally small + tranquil). Compare modern Cantonese siu2 hong1 or Mandarin xiǎokāng.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

小康 (hiragana しょうこう, rōmaji shōkō, historical hiragana せうかう)

  1. a lull, a respite, a breathing spell, a short time of peace

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9