Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水火竹 (EFH), four-corner 39120, composition)

  1. sand, gravel, pebbles
  2. granulated
  3. the number 10-8

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 611, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1005, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1562, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6C99

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂa⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂa⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʂa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂa²⁴/
Xi'an /sa²¹/
Xining /sa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂa³¹/
Ürümqi /sa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sa²¹³/
Chengdu /sa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʂa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sa¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑ¹³/
Hohhot /sa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /so⁵³/
Suzhou /so⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sɑ³³/
Wenzhou /so³³/
Hui Shexian /sa³¹/
Tunxi /sɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sa³³/
Xiangtan /dɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sa⁵³/
Nanning /sa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sa⁵⁵/
/sua⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /suɛ⁵⁴/
/sa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sua³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
/tua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (21)
Final: (98)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shā
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʃɣa/ /ʃɯa/ /ʃa/ /ʂaɨ/ /ʃa/ /ʃa/ /ʂa/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (21)
Final: (98)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shà
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʃɣaH/ /ʃɯaH/ /ʃaH/ /ʂaɨH/ /ʃaH/ /ʃaH/ /ʂaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shā ‹ sræ › /*sˤraj/ sand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11025 1 /*sraːl/
11035 1 /*sraːls/

NounEdit

  1. sand

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana すな, romaji suna)

  1. sand

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いさご, romaji isago)

  1. small rock
  2. sand

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji sa, alternative reading しゃ, romaji sha)

  1. Number of units, 1 of 100 million parts.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa) [모래 사]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sa, sá)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville
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