See also: and
U+5C40, 局
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C40
尿
[U+5C3F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C41]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 44, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸尸口 (SSR), four-corner 77227, composition 𠃌)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 300, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7653
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 967, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5C40

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • kio̍k - literary (“classifier; without fail; interest; worth; narrow; to be limited; to force”);
  • kia̍k/ke̍k - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕy⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕy⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕy⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕy³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑioʔ¹/
    /d͡ʑyɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /d͡ʑioʔ³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiu²²/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /kʰiuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kok̚²/
    Nanning /kuk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /kuk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔk̚⁵/
    /kik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuoʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xɔk̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter gjowk
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /guawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    guk6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjowk › ‹ gjowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*N-kʰ(r)ok/ /*[ɡ](r)ok/
    English bent, curved department

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7028
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡoɡ/

    Definitions edit

    1. bent; crooked
    2. to bend
    3. to restrict; to limit
    4. to force; to coerce
    5. narrow; restricted
    6. near; close
    7. breadth of mind; tolerance
    8. neighbour
    9. part; component
    10. arrangement; distribution; structure; organisation
    11. situation; circumstances
    12. event
    13. office; bureau
    14. shop; store
    15. trap; trick
    16. feast; banquet; gathering
    17. chessboard
    18. Classifier for instances of boardgames and ballgames: gameall nouns using this classifier
    19. (Mainland China Hokkien) without fail; certainly; surely; definitely; inevitably
    20. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) interest; fun (said with (ū) and ())
    21. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) worth; profit; relative benefit (said with (ū) and ())
    22. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) narrow; cramped
    23. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) to be limited; to be confined
    24. (Zhangzhou Hokkien) to force; to compel

    Synonyms edit

    • (interest):
    • (without fail):
    • (narrow):
    • (to limit):

    Compounds edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. bureau
    2. board
    3. office

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Noun edit

    (つぼね) (tsubone

    1. a court lady
    2. a room in a palace, especially for a lady

    Etymology 2 edit

    Noun edit

    (きょく) (kyoku

    1. bureau, department
    2. channel such as on television

    Counter edit

    (きょく) (-kyoku

    1. counter for buildings or operators suffixed "" (e.g. (ゆう)便(びん)(きょく) (yūbin-kyoku, post office), テレビ(きょく) (terebi-kyoku, television station))
      • 2019 February 28, “(へい)(せい) この()、((ばん)(がい))>(ゆう)便(びん)(きょく)で「うるう()(しょう)(がい)(へい)(せい)12(じゅうに)(ねん)2()(がつ)29(にじゅうく)(にち)19(じゅうく)(ねん)(まえ)(エー)(ティー)(エム)(でん)(げん)(はい)らず(まど)(ぐち)(たい)(おう)”, in ()()(しん)(ぶん)[1]:
        (けん)(ない)でも(とく)(てい)(ゆう)便(びん)(きょく)など4(よん)(きょく)で、(ぎょう)()(かい)()()(ぜん)8(はち)()から(ゆう)便(びん)(ちょ)(きん)()(どう)(あずけ)(ばらい)()A(エー)T(ティー)M(エム))の(でん)(げん)(はい)らず、()()0(れい)()20(にじっ)(ぷん)(ふっ)(きゅう)するまで、(ちょ)(きん)(あず)()(まど)(ぐち)(たい)(おう)した。
        Kennai demo tokutei yūbin-kyoku nado yon-kyoku de, gyōmu kaishi no gozen hachiji kara yūbin chokin jidō azuke barai-ki (ētīemu) no dengen ga hairazu, gogo reiji nijippun ni fukkyū suru made, chokin no azukeire wa madoguchi de taiō shita.
        In the Prefecture, post office deposit automatic teller machines (ATMs) installed in four post offices including the Special Post Office couldn't turn on from 8 a.m. at starting operations and they handled depositing money work at windows until 12:20 a.m. when it had been restored.
    2. counter for board games (e.g. chess, shogi or go)
      • 2019 November 25, “(しょう)()ユーチューバー、()(だん)(しょう)() あと()(しょう)でプロ()”, in (あさ)()(しん)(ぶん)[2]:
        ()(けん)(わか)()()() ()(にん)()(きょく)()(さん)(しょう)(ごう)(かく)する。
        Shiken wa wakate kishi go-nin to go-kyoku sashi, san-shō de gōkaku suru.
        In the examination, he will play five games against five young players and if he wins three games, he will pass the examination.

    Suffix edit

    (きょく) (-kyoku

    1. bureau

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun (pan guk))

    1. Hanja form? of (bureau; department).

    Compounds edit

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Việt readings: cục
    : Nôm readings: cộc, cục, cuộc, gục, ngúc

    1. chữ Hán form of cuộc (an office under a bộ (ministry)).
    2. Nôm form of cuộc (any large-scale, periodic event).
    3. Nôm form of gục (to lower (one's head); to bend down).