See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿月木 (TBD), four-corner 44904, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1038, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31184
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1496, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3236, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83DC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰɯːs): semantic  ‎(grass, plant) + phonetic  ‎(OC *sʰɯːʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰəjH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cài
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.r̥ˤəʔ-s/
English vegetables

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1076
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰɯːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. vegetable; greens
      ―  shūcài  ―  vegetables
      ―  báicài  ―  Chinese cabbage
      ―  cài  ―  spinach
  2. cuisine; (type of) food
    日本  ―  rìběn cài  ―  Japanese food
  3. dish; course   (Classifier: m; m)
    對胃口 / 对胃口  ―  Zhè dào cài hěn duìwèikǒu.  ―  This dish is tasty.
  4. (colloquial) (one's) type
    •   ―  Tā shì wǒ de cài!  ―  He is my type!
  5. (colloquial) bad; inferior; disappointing; below average
    /   ―  càiniǎo  ―  noob

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. greens; vegetables
  2. rape (Brassica napus); rapeseed
  3. side dish

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. greens

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, Yale chay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái, thủy, linh, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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