See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
菜-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(grass, plant) + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿月木 (TBD), four-corner 44904, composition)

  1. vegetable, vegetables
  2. dish, order
  3. food
  4. cuisine

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1038, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31184
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1496, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3236, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83DC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰʌiH/ /t͡sʰɑ̆iH/ /t͡sʰᴀiH/ /t͡sʰəiH/ /t͡sʰəjH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/ /t͡sʰɒiH/

NounEdit

(classifiers (pán), (dào), (tiáo))

  1. vegetable; greens
    • 蔬菜 (shūcài, “vegetables”)
    • 白菜 (báicài, “Chinese cabbage”)
    • 菠菜 (bōcài, “spinach”)
  2. cuisine; (type of) food
  3. dish; course
  4. (colloquial) (one's) type

CompoundsEdit

  • 白菜 (báicài)
  • 冬寒菜 (dōngháncài) - Chinese Mallow, Cluster Mallow, bot. Malva verticillata L.
  • 冬菜 (dōngcài) - preserved dried cabbage or mustard greens; winter vegetable
  • 海菜 (hǎicài) - (edible) seaweed
  • 芽菜 (yá cài) - mungbean sprout, soybean sprout; literally: "tooth vegetable"
  • A菜 Taiwanese word for 山莴苣 (shān wōjù) - Indian Lettuce (bot. Lactuca indica L.)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. greens; vegetables
  2. rape (Brassica napus); rapeseed
  3. side dish

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. greens

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chae) (hangeul , revised chae, McCune-Reischauer ch'ae, Yale chay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái, thủy, linh, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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