See also:
U+83DC, 菜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83DC

[U+83DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83DD]
菜 U+2F9A3, 菜
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9A3
菌
[U+2F9A2]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𦰶
[U+2F9A4]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿月木 (TBD), four-corner 44904, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1038, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31184
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1496, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3236, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+83DC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms 𦬁 second round simplified
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰɯːs): semantic  (grass; plant) + phonetic  (OC *sʰɯːʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰəjH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cài
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cài
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.r̥ˁəʔ-s/
English vegetables

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1076
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰɯːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. vegetable; greens (Classifier: c)
      ―  shūcài  ―  vegetables
      ―  báicài  ―  Chinese cabbage
      ―  cài  ―  spinach
  2. cuisine; (type of) food
    日本  ―  rìběn cài  ―  Japanese food
  3. dish; course (Classifier: m;  m)
    對胃口 / 对胃口  ―  Zhè dào cài hěn duìwèikǒu.  ―  This dish is tasty.
  4. (colloquial) (one's) type; cup of tea
    •   ―  Tā shì wǒ de cài!  ―  He is my type!
  5. (colloquial) bad; inferior; disappointing; below average
    /   ―  càiniǎo  ―  noob
      ―  Wǒ hǎo cài a.  ―  I'm so inferior [to others].

SynonymsEdit

  • (cuisine): (cān)

CompoundsEdit

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. greens; vegetables
  2. rape (Brassica napus); rapeseed
  3. side dish

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (na

  1. greens

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chae) (hangeul )

  1. An edible plant or leaf of plant. greens; vegetables

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thái, thủy, linh, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.