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U+5F71, 影
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F71

[U+5F70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F72]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 59, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日火竹竹竹 (AFHHH), four-corner 62922, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 364, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10019
  • Dae Jaweon: page 684, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 857, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5F71

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢒈 (second-round simplified)

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋ
*ɡ·raŋs
*ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
*ɡaŋs
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋ
*kraŋʔ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋ
*ɡraŋs
*qraŋʔ
*qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*kʷraŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *kraŋʔ) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

Either cognate to (OC *qraŋ) "bright" or rather its Austroasiatic comparanda, or connected with (OC *qonʔ, *qons) "shady"

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • yǐngr - “shadow; reflection; vague impression”.
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • iáⁿ - vernacular;
    • ńg - vernacular (limited, e.g. 樹影树影);
    • éng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (111)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠiæŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚiaŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiaŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔiajŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiɐŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭɐŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯ɐŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǐng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yǐng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjængX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraŋʔ/
    English shadow (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6837
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraŋʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. shadow
    2. image
    3. trace (of human presence); presence (of people or things); occurrence (of events)
    4. picture; photograph
    5. (Cantonese) to take (a picture)

    SynonymsEdit

    • (to take a picture): (Mandarin) (pāi)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Unbound apophonic form of (kaga).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かが, rōmaji kaga)

    1. light
    2. a shape or form reflected in light
    3. a shadow
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かげ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (kaga) +‎ (-i) > kage. Bound apophonic form of (kaga).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かげ, rōmaji kage)

    1. shadow
       (うま) (かげ)
      uma no kage
      a shadow of a horse
    2. a shape or form reflected in light
    3. presence
      この (まち) (かげ) (うす)い。
      Kono machi wa kage ga usui.
      This town's presence is little.
    4. negative aspect
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    えい
    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiæŋX).

    The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana えい, rōmaji ei)

    1. shadow
    2. light
    3. a shape or form reflected in light
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: S
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiæŋX).

    The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana よう, rōmaji )

    1. (rare) Alternative form of (ei)

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (yeong) (hangeul )

    1. shadow

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ảnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.