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U+5F71, 影
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F71

[U+5F70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F72]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 59 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日火竹竹竹 (AFHHH), four-corner 62922, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 364, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10019
  • Dae Jaweon: page 684, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 857, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5F71

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡ·raŋ, *ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raŋs
ɡ·raŋ
ɡ·raŋ
ɡ·raŋ
ɡ·raŋ
ɡ·raŋs
ɡ·raŋs, *ɡ·raɡ
ɡaŋs
kraŋ
kraŋ
kraŋ
kraŋʔ
ɡraŋ
ɡraŋ
ɡraŋ
ɡraŋ
ɡraŋs
qraŋʔ
qraŋʔ, *kʷraŋʔ
kʷraŋʔ
kʷraŋʔ
ɡʷraːŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraŋʔ): phonetic  (OC *kraŋʔ) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • iáⁿ - vernacular;
  • ńg - vernacular (limited, e.g. 樹影树影);
  • éng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiæŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiaŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiaŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiajŋX/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɐŋX/
Wang
Li
/ĭɐŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɐŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjængX ›
Old
Chinese
/*qraŋʔ/
English shadow (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6837
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraŋʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. shadow
  2. image
  3. trace (of human presence); presence (of people or things); occurrence (of events)
  4. picture; photograph
  5. (Cantonese) to take (a picture)

SynonymsEdit

  • (to take a picture): (Mandarin) (pāi)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Unbound apophonic form of (kaga).

NounEdit

(hiragana かが, rōmaji kaga)

  1. light
  2. a shape or form reflected in light
  3. a shadow
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かげ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(kaga) +‎ (i) > kage. Bound apophonic form of (kaga).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かげ, rōmaji kage)

  1. light
  2. a shape or form reflected in light
  3. shadow

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yeong) (hangeul )

  1. shadow

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ảnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.