See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

沈, meaning "to sink", is pronounced shen. 沈 is also a simplification of , meaning "juice" or "liquid".

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水中月山 (ELBU), four-corner 34112)

  1. sink, submerge
  2. addicted to
  3. used as a surname
  4. juice, liquid, water, leak, pour
  5. profound, deep

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 610, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17189
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1002, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1572, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6C88

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (26)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕimX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəmX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shěn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 5/5
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.t][ə]mʔ/
English (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 15267
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljumʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​.
  2. Shen, a state during the Zhou dynasty and located in modern-day Henan

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chim, sim) (hangeul , , revised chim, im, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, sim, Yale chim, sim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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