Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: , , and
U+6C88, 沈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C88

[U+6C87]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C89]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水中月山 (ELBU), four-corner 34112, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 610, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17189
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1002, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1572, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6C88

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
lu, *lum
lu, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *loʔ
lus
lus
ʔl'uːm
ʔl'uːm, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *l'uːm
ʔl'uːm
ʔl'uːm
ʔl'uːmʔ
ʔl'uːmʔ
ʔl'uːmʔ
ʔl'uːms
l'uːmʔ
ʔl'oːmʔ
zlum, *l'um
l'um, *l'ums, *hljumʔ
l'um
l'um, *ʔljumʔ, *ʔljums
l'um
l'um
l'ums
ɦljum, *ɦljumʔ
ɦljum
hljumʔ
hljumʔ

In the oracle bone script, it was an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (water) +  (sheep) — to submerge a sheep into the water (as a form of sacrifice to the river god). Other forms included (“ox”) or (“jade”) instead of .

Starting from the bronze inscriptions, it became a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'um, *l'ums, *hljumʔ): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *lu, *lum).

This character was later borrowed to signify the surname, and the variant (OC *l'um) was adopted for the original meaning.

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (26)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕimX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəmX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shěn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 5/5
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.t][ə]mʔ/
English (name of a state)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 15267
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljumʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​.
  2. Shen, a state during the Zhou dynasty and located in modern-day Henan

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. sink
  2. be submerged
  3. subside
  4. be depressed
  5. aloes

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chim, sim) (hangeul , , revised chim, im, McCune-Reischauer ch'im, sim, Yale chim, sim)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.