U+809B, 肛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-809B

[U+809A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+809C]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 130, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 月一 (BM) or X月一 (XBM), four-corner 71210, composition(GJKV) or ⿰(HT))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 974, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29271
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1425, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2044, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+809B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ): semantic (flesh; body) + phonetic (OC *koːŋ).

Etymology 1Edit

Unclear. A relatively late word, not attested until the Middle Chinese period.

Schuessler (2007) suggests that it may be related to Tibetan གཞང (gzhang, anus), but the vowels pose a problem in phonological correspondence (STEDT).

It may be in the same family as (OC *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs, “empty; hollow”) and (OC *kʰloːŋʔ, “hole”), which both are derived from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)uŋ (hole; orifice), but STEDT suggests that Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k(w)a(ŋ/k) (waist; hips; buttocks; tail; back) may be a better etymon.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. anus
  2. (neologism, slang) to have anal sex

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (32)
Final () (9) (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋ/ /hˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋ/ /hᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋ/ /xɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋ/ /haɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋ/ /xɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋ/ /xɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋ/ /xɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng xiāng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gong1 hong1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3996 4013
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋ/ /*qʰroːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be swollen

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Definitions

  1. Anal

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC hˠʌŋ). Recorded as Middle Korean 하ᇰ (hang) (Yale: hang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 항문 (hangmun hang))

  1. Hanja form? of (anus).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: giang[1][2][3][4], xoang[2][4], khang[2][4], soang[3], cương
: Nôm readings: giang[1], dom[1]

  1. chữ Hán form of giang (anus).
  2. Nôm form of dom (anus).

ReferencesEdit