Character U+6C5F, 江
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C5F
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C5E] [U+6C60]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 水一 (EM), four-corner 31110, composition)

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 606, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17140
  • Dae Jaweon: page 999, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1551, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6C5F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kroːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *koːŋ).

EtymologyEdit

Yangtze River”.

Borrowed from a substrate Mon-Khmer language; compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *ruŋ ~ ruuŋ ~ ruəŋ ‎(river) > Proto-Vietic *k-roːŋ ‎(river) (Vietnamese sông), Mon ကြုၚ် ‎(krɜŋ, small river, creek).

Derivative: (OC *kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs, “harbour”).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕiaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiaŋ²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕiã̠/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiaŋ³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kɑ̃⁵³/
/t͡ɕiã⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɑ̃⁵⁵/
/kɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /kuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia³¹/ ~淮
/ka³¹/ 姓~
Tunxi /kau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕian³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕian³³/
Gan Nanchang /kɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /koŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /koŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kaŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/
/kiaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤroŋ/
English (Yangzi) river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3995
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kroːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (geography) The Yangtze River.
  2. (geography, by extension) A river.
  3. A surname​: Jiang (mainland China), Chiang (Taiwan), Kong (Hong Kong)

Usage notesEdit

The original Chinese word for "river" was (shuǐ), literally "water". In time, the proper name () was used as a word for rivers and its original bearer distinguished as the 黃河黄河 (Huáng Hé, “Yellow River”). Similarly, was originally the name of the Yangtze River and then applied broadly as a generic word for rivers. In modern Chinese, are usually the larger rivers, () are smaller rivers or creeks, and (shuǐ) are brooks and streams; but there are many exceptions to this general pattern owing to historical reasons.

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. creek
  2. bay

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji e)

  1. inlet
  2. bay

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. river

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giang, giăng, nhăng, gianh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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