See also:
U+9E97, 麗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9E97

[U+9E96]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9E98]

U+F988, 麗
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F988

[U+F987]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F989]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 198, 鹿+8, 19 strokes, cangjie input 一一月月心 (MMBBP), four-corner 11211, composition 鹿)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1510, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2039, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4732, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+9E97

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms
 

𠀙 ancient
𠀞 ancient
𠧥
𮭶

𠀙 ancient
𠀞 ancient
𠧥
𮭶
𮭷
𮭹
ancient

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – a deer with antlers.

Etymology edit

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructed this word's OC pronunciation as *rêh and considered it a possible allofam of (OC *rê(k)h) "number" < "what is calculated", exopassive derivative of (OC *rêk) "to calculate".

underwent this historical semantic shift: from "a pair" (Zhouli), to "mate, companion" () (Zuo), to "paired", to "well-proportioned" (Liji), and finally to "elegant, beautiful" (Chuci) as well as "refinement" (Shu).

Pronunciation 1 edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter lejH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/leiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjH/
Li
Rong
/leiH/
Wang
Li
/lieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lai6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁe-s/
English symmetrical

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 7914
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːls/

Definitions edit

  1. beautiful; lovely; pretty; fair; elegant
  2. to adhere; to attach to
    alt. forms:
  3. Alternative form of (, in pair)
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 2 edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (37)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter lje
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liə̆/
Li
Rong
/lie/
Wang
Li
/lǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lei4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 7917
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rel/

Definitions edit

  1. Only used in 高麗高丽 (Gāolí, “Goryeo”) and 高句麗高句丽 (Gāogōulí, “Goguryeo”).
    1. (Korean Classical Chinese) Short for 高麗高丽 (Goryeo).
      [Korean Literary Sinitic]  ―  Yeojo [Sino-Korean]  ―  King Taejo of Goryeo
      [Korean Literary Sinitic]  ―  Yeomal [Sino-Korean]  ―  end of the Goryeo period
      [Korean Literary Sinitic]  ―  Yeosa [Sino-Korean]  ―  history of the Goryeo
      [Korean Literary Sinitic]  ―  Yeoje [Sino-Korean]  ―  policies of the Goryeo
  2. Only used in 麗水丽水 (Líshuǐ, “Lishui”).

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai  
Kyūjitai
[1]


&#xF988;
or
+&#xFE00;?
 
麗󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
麗󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. lovely
  2. beautiful
  3. graceful
  4. resplendent

Readings edit

From Middle Chinese (MC lejH):

From Middle Chinese (MC lje):

From native Japanese roots:

Compounds edit

Proper noun edit

(れい) (Rei

  1. a female given name

References edit

  1. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 [The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 2423 (paper), page 1263 (digital)

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 고울 (goul ryeo), word-initial (South Korea) 고울 (goul yeo))

  1. Hanja form? of / (beautiful; lovely; pretty; fair; elegant).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Alternative forms edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: lệ ((lang)(kế)(thiết))[3][4][5], li ((lân)(tri)(thiết))[4]
: Nôm readings: rạy[6][4], li[4]

  1. chữ Hán form of Lệ (female given name).
  2. chữ Hán form of li / ly.
  3. Nôm form of rạy.

Compounds edit

References edit