TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(small insect)

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十心竹戈 (JPHI), four-corner 30136, composition)

  1. honey
  2. sweet
  3. nectar

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1085, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33143
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1553, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2866, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+871C

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Modern , from Middle Chinese mjit, from Late Old Chinese *mjit ~ *mit, from Proto-Tocharian *ḿət(ə) (compare Tocharian B mit ‎(honey)), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu ‎(mead).

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蜜), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 彌畢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/miɪt̚/ /mi̯ĕt̚/ /miĕt̚/ /mit̚/ /mit̚/ /mĭĕt̚/ /mjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mjit › /*mit/ honey

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
594 2 /*mliɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. honey
    蜂蜜 ("honey"), 蜜蜂 ("bee")
  2. the colour of honey; honey-coloured
    蜜色 ("colour of honey")
  3. beeswax
    蜜燭/蜜烛 ("candle")
  4. sweet
    甜蜜 ("sweet, happy"), 水蜜桃 ("honey peach"), 甜言蜜語/甜言蜜语 ("sweet words and honeyed phrases; cajolery")
  5. (PSM of English miss) mistress, young girl
    小蜜 ("mistress"), 閨蜜/闺蜜 ("girlfriend (of female)")

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. honey; nectar; molasses

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
みつ
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(*mjit), from Late Old Chinese *mjit ~ *mit, from Proto-Tocharian *ḿət(ə). Compare Tocharian B mit ‎(honey)), from Proto-Indo-European *médʰu ‎(mead).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みつ, romaji mitsu)

  1. honey
  2. nectar
  3. molasses, treacle, syrup
  4. short for 蜜砂糖 ‎(mitsuzatō): brown sugar
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
みち
Grade: S
on'yomi

Alternate reading of mitsu above.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana みち, romaji michi)

  1. honey
  2. nectar
  3. molasses, treacle, syrup
Usage notesEdit

Only used on its own. Not used in compounds.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(mil) (hangeul , revised mil, McCune-Reischauer mil, Yale mil)

  1. ( 밀, kkul): honey

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mật)

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