Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sjaːɡ): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *sjaːɡ) – a feeling (of the heart).

Note that 昔 has meaning of “past, ending”, hence connotations of “feelings for the past, feeling about an ending – regret, rue”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 心廿日 (PTA), four-corner 94061, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 391, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10814
  • Dae Jaweon: page 725, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2313, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+60DC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms (sek3) Cantonese
𡃶 (sek3) Cantonese

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siajk̚/
Li
Rong
/siɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]Ak/
English regret; alas

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13310
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sjaːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. pity; regret
  2. to cherish; to value greatly
  3. to love dearly
  4. to grieve
  5. to rue; to begrudge
  6. (Cantonese) to kiss

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seok) (hangeul , revised seok, McCune-Reischauer sŏk, Yale sek)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tiếc, tích)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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