See also: Pad, PAD, pAD, pað, pád, and пад

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /pæd/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pad
  • Rhymes: -æd

Etymology 1 edit

Illustrated set of instructions explaining a chair "with a tufted pad" (sense 1)
A modern-style English-saddle square pad (sense 2) on a horse
Right front paw of a dog showing: A) claw, B) digital pads, C) metacarpal pad, D) dewclaw, E) carpal pad (senses 4, 5)
An elbow pad (sense 7) worn for protection when roller skating
Pads (sense 8) of water lilies floating on a pond
Pads (sense 11) used for wicketkeeping and batting in cricket
A yellow legal pad (sense 12) with a pencil
A vehicle at a pad (sense 15)

1554, "bundle of straw to lie on", probably from Low German or West Flemish pad (sole of the foot), perhaps ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pent- (to pass), which would make it related to both path and find.[1]

Noun edit

pad (plural pads)

  1. A flattened mass of anything soft, to sit or lie on.
  2. A cushion used as a saddle without a tree or frame.
  3. A soft, or small, cushion.
  4. A soft area on the ends of a digit:
    1. A cushion-like thickening of the skin on the underside of the toes of animals.
    2. The mostly hairless flesh located on the bottom of an animal's foot or paw.
    3. Any cushion-like part of the human body, especially the ends of the fingers.
      Synonyms: palp, pulp
      • 1996, Stephen King, The Regulators:
        Collie ignored him. Reached the finger further. Closer. And closer yet, until — [] Collie yanked his hand back and peered at it like a kid with an interesting new scrape. Then he turned to Steve and held it out. A bead of blood, small and dark and perfect, was forming on the pad of his index finger.
  5. A stuffed guard or protection, especially one worn on the legs of horses to prevent bruising.
  6. A soft bag or cushion to relieve pressure, support a part, etc.
  7. A menstrual pad; a mass of absorbent material used to absorb menstrual flow.
  8. (US) A floating leaf of a water lily or similar plant.
  9. (cricket) A soft cover for a batsman's leg that protects the player from damage when hit by the ball.
  10. A kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting, especially one formed of many flat sheets of writing paper; now especially such a block of paper sheets as used to write on.
  11. A panel or strip of material designed to be sensitive to pressure or touch.
  12. Ellipsis of keypad.
  13. Ellipsis of mouse pad.
  14. A flat surface or area from which a helicopter or other aircraft may land or be launched.
    Synonym: helipad
  15. An electrical extension cord with a multi-port socket on one end; a "trip cord".
  16. The effect produced by sustained lower reed notes in a musical piece, most common in blues music.
  17. (music) A synthesizer instrument sound used for sustained background sounds.
    Synonym: synth pad
  18. (US, slang) A bed.
  19. (colloquial) A small house, apartment, or mobile home occupied by a single person; such as a bachelor, playboy, etc.
  20. (UK, slang) A prison cell.
  21. (cryptography) A random key (originally written on a disposable pad) of the same length as the plaintext.
  22. (electronics) The amount by which a signal has been reduced.
    • 1967, Db: The Sound Engineering Magazine - Volumes 1-2:
      It is a general practice to pad down a condenser mike with as much as a 20-30 dB pad.
  23. (nautical) A piece of timber fixed on a beam to fit the curve of the deck.
    • 1875, William Clark Russell, Jilted – Or My Uncle's Scheme:
      let us at least trust that the hair-pins will do their duty, and maintain the respectability of passion by holding the pads and puffs and frizettes in their proper places.
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Verb edit

pad (third-person singular simple present pads, present participle padding, simple past and past participle padded)

  1. (transitive) To stuff.
  2. (transitive) To furnish with a pad or padding.
  3. (transitive) To increase the size of, especially by adding undesirable filler.
    The author began to pad her succinct stories with trite descriptions to keep up with current market trends.
    pad one's expenses
    • 2008 May 21, Austin American-Statesman:
      "Obama pads delegate lead [] with win in key western state."
  4. (transitive) To imbue uniformly with a mordant.
    to pad cloth
    • 1819, Abraham Rees, The Cyclopædia:
      [] to pad a piece in diluted acetate of alumine to obtain a pale lemon ground []
  5. (transitive, cricket) To deliberately play the ball with the leg pad instead of the bat.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English pade, padde, from Old English padde, from Proto-Germanic *paddǭ (toad). Cognate with Dutch pad, German Low German Pad (toad), dialectal German Padde, Danish padde, Swedish padda, Icelandic padda (toad), and possibly to English paddle.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

pad (plural pads)

  1. (Britain, dialectal) A toad.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Dutch pad or Middle Low German pat (path). Doublet of path.

Noun edit

pad (plural pads)

  1. (Britain dialectal, Australia, Ireland) A path, particularly one unformed or unmaintained; a track made by animals.
    • 1999, Julia Leigh, The Hunter, Faber & Faber 2012, p. 36:
      And when the map shows that the creek will no longer take him where he wants to go, then he looks for an animal pad and follows it, getting down on his belly and wriggling under thorny bush when he has to.
  2. An easy-paced horse; a padnag.
    • 1832 December (indicated as 1833), Alfred Tennyson, “The Lady of Shalott”, in Poems, London: Edward Moxon, [], →OCLC, part the second, page 11:
      Sometimes a troop of damsels glad, / An abbot on an ambling pad, / Sometimes a curly shepherd lad, / Or long-hair'd page, in crimson clad, / Goes by to Camelot.
  3. (Britain, obsolete) A robber who infests the road on foot; a highwayman or footpad.
    • 1720, John Gay, “Fables”, in Poems on Several Occasions:
      A Pad came pacing down the way : / The Cur, with never-ceasing tongue , / Upon the passing trav'ler sprung
    • 1819–1824, [Lord Byron], Don Juan, London, (please specify |canto=I to XVII):
      These free-born sounds proceeded from four pads / In ambush laid, who had perceived him loiter / Behind his carriage; and, like handy lads, / Had seized the lucky hour to reconnoitre
  4. (Britain, obsolete) A tramp or itinerant musician.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Perhaps an alteration of ped.

Noun edit

pad (plural pads)

  1. (Britain, dialectal) A type of wickerwork basket, especially as used as a measure of fish or other goods.[2]

Etymology 5 edit

Probably partly from Middle Low German [Term?], partly imitative. Some senses possibly influenced by pad (soft part of an animal's foot, noun).

Verb edit

pad (third-person singular simple present pads, present participle padding, simple past and past participle padded)

  1. (transitive) To travel along (a road, path etc.).
  2. (intransitive) To travel on foot.
  3. (intransitive) To wear a path by walking.
  4. (intransitive) To walk softly, quietly or steadily, especially without shoes.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To practise highway robbery.
    • 1689, Cotton Mather, Memorable Providences, Relating to Witchcrafts and Possessions:
      Their chief Argument is, That they never saw any Witches, therefore there are none. Just as if you or I should say, We never met with any Robbers on the Road, therefore there never was any Padding there.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 6 edit

Probably imitative, perhaps related to or influenced by Etymology 5, above.

Interjection edit

pad

  1. Indicating a soft flat sound, as of bare footsteps.
    I heard her soft footsteps, pad, pad along the corridor.
Translations edit

Noun edit

pad (plural pads)

  1. The sound of soft footsteps, or a similar noise made by an animal etc.
Translations edit

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024), “pad”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ 1858, Peter Lund Simmonds, The Dictionary of Trade Products

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch pad.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pad (plural paaie, diminutive paadjie)

  1. path; way; street

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch pat, from Old Dutch path, from Proto-West Germanic *paþ, from Proto-Germanic *paþaz (path). Cognate with English path, West Frisian paad and German Pfad.

Noun edit

pad n (plural paden, diminutive paadje n)

  1. path (narrow road, usually unpaved)
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Afrikaans: pad
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: pata
  • Jersey Dutch: pât, pāt
  • Negerhollands: pad, pat

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Dutch padde, pedde, from Old Dutch *padda, from Proto-West Germanic *paddā, from Proto-Germanic *paddǭ (toad).

Noun edit

pad f (plural padden, diminutive padje n)

  1. toad (an amphibian of the order Anura similar to a frog with shorter legs and more ragged skin)
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

pad c (plural padden, diminutive padje n)

  1. (cycling) The slot in the frame that accepts the axle of the wheel; dropout.

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

From a Slavic language, compare Serbo-Croatian pod.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pad (plural padok)

  1. bench
  2. (education) desk (of students in school, traditionally built together with the seats)
    Synonym: iskolapad
  3. (religion) pew (in a church)
  4. (law) dock (of the defendant, in court), stand (of a witness, in court)
  5. (dialectal) attic, loft
    Synonym: padlás

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative pad padok
accusative padot padokat
dative padnak padoknak
instrumental paddal padokkal
causal-final padért padokért
translative paddá padokká
terminative padig padokig
essive-formal padként padokként
essive-modal
inessive padban padokban
superessive padon padokon
adessive padnál padoknál
illative padba padokba
sublative padra padokra
allative padhoz padokhoz
elative padból padokból
delative padról padokról
ablative padtól padoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
padé padoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
padéi padokéi
Possessive forms of pad
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. padom padjaim
2nd person sing. padod padjaid
3rd person sing. padja padjai
1st person plural padunk padjaink
2nd person plural padotok padjaitok
3rd person plural padjuk padjaik

Derived terms edit

Compound words

Further reading edit

  • pad in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *paidu, from Proto-Germanic *paidō.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pād f

  1. an outer garment, coat, cloak

Declension edit

Descendants edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Deverbal from padać.

Noun edit

pad m inan

  1. (sports) a quick fall with the whole body to the ground

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of gamepad.

Noun edit

pad m inan

  1. (video games) gamepad
    Synonyms: gamepad, joypad
Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • pad in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *padъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pȃd m (Cyrillic spelling па̑д)

  1. fall

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

pad

  1. Romanization of 𒉻 (pad)

Tausug edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *palaj.

Noun edit

pād

  1. the palm of the hand

Volapük edit

Noun edit

pad (nominative plural pads)

  1. page

Declension edit

Waigali edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

pad

  1. dispute