EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English en- (en-, in-). Originally from Old French en- (also an-), from Latin in- (in, into); but also from an alteration of in-, from Middle English in-, from Old English in- (in, into), from Proto-Germanic *in (in). Both the Latin and the Germanic forms are from Proto-Indo-European *en (in, into). Intensive use of Old French en-, an- is due to confluence with Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix). More at in-, on-.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪn-/, /ən-/, /ɛn-/

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. in, into, on, onto
  2. covered
  3. caused
  4. as an intensifier

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit

verbs derived from French (or Anglo-Norman) verbs or expressions using en- or en
nouns derived from French (or Anglo-Norman) nouns or expressions using en- or en
verbs composed from en- + English verb (meaning: to include, apply)
verbs composed from en- + English noun, sometimes with additional verb suffixes as -ate, -en or -ize (to enclose, enter in, provide with)
verbs composed from en- + English adjective or other word type (meaning: provide with a quality)
terms derived from foreign (mostly Greek) words using en- or in-

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en-, in-

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Prefix form of en (in).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. prefix indicating in
    en- + ‎irar (to go) → ‎enirar (to go in; enter)
    en- + ‎swichar (to switch) → ‎enswichar (to switch on)

Derived termsEdit


LadinoEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • em- (before b or p)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of in (in, into).

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en-

Derived termsEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


OccitanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into). Influenced by Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix).

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en- (in; into)
  2. en- (intensifier)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ēn (one).

PrefixEdit

ēn-

  1. one, uni-, only
    ēnkunni (only, unique)
  2. sole, single, solitary

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see em.

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • em- (before b or p)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings) (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


Tocharian AEdit

VerbEdit

en-

  1. to instruct

Tocharian BEdit

VerbEdit

en-

  1. to instruct

WelshEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. affirmative prefix, emphasises prefixed word
    en- + ‎mawr (big) → ‎enfawr (huge)
    en- + ‎pyd (danger) → ‎enbyd (dangerous, exceeding, pressing)

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
en- unchanged unchanged hen-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “en-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies


XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notesEdit

The variant form em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (b, f, m, p, v).


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PrefixEdit

en-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notesEdit

The variant form em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (b, f, m, p, v).

ReferencesEdit