English edit

Alternative forms edit

  • em- (before certain consonants, principally the labials b and p)

Etymology edit

From Middle English en- (en-, in-). Originally from Old French en- (also an-), from Latin in- (in, into); but also from an alteration of in-, from Middle English in-, from Old English in- (in, into), from Proto-Germanic *in (in). Both the Latin and the Germanic forms are from Proto-Indo-European *en (in, into). Intensive use of Old French en-, an- is due to confluence with Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix). More at in-, on-.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɛn-/, /ɪn-/, /ən-/

Prefix edit

en-

  1. Forms a transitive verb whose meaning is to make the attached adjective
    1. in, into
    2. on, onto
      embark
    3. covered
      embalm
  2. caused
  3. an intensifier

Usage notes edit

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

verbs derived from French (or Anglo-Norman) verbs or expressions using en- or en
nouns derived from French (or Anglo-Norman) nouns or expressions using en- or en
verbs composed from en- + English verb (meaning: to include, apply)
verbs composed from en- + English noun, sometimes with additional verb suffixes as -ate, -en or -ize (to enclose, enter in, provide with)
verbs composed from en- + English adjective or other word type (meaning: provide with a quality)
terms derived from foreign (mostly Greek) words using en- or in-

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old French en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɑ̃/
  • (file)

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Galician edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en-, in-

Derived terms edit

From

.

Related terms edit

See also edit

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Prefix form of en (in).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

en-

  1. prefix indicating in
    en- + ‎irar (to go) → ‎enirar (to go in; enter)
    en- + ‎swichar (to switch) → ‎enswichar (to switch on)

Derived terms edit

Ladino edit

Alternative forms edit

  • em- (before b or p)

Etymology edit

From Old Spanish en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of in (in, into).

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en-

Derived terms edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old French en-, from Latin in-.

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

en-

  1. Forms words, usually verbs, meaning "in", "on", or "around"; en-.
  2. Intensifies words, usually verbs; en-.

Usage notes edit

  • Sometimes used interchangeably with in-; see that entry for more.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: en- (in-)

References edit

Mohawk edit

Prefix edit

en-

  1. future tense prefix

References edit

  • Gunther Michelson (1973) A thousand words of Mohawk, University of Ottawa Press, page 5

Norman edit

Etymology edit

From Old French en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Northern Ndebele edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

en-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notes edit

The variant form em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (b, f, m, p, v).

Occitan edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Occitan en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into). Influenced by Frankish *an- (intensive prefix), related to Old English on- (intensive prefix).

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en- (in; into)
  2. en- (intensifier)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Old Saxon edit

Etymology edit

From ēn (one).

Prefix edit

ēn-

  1. one, uni-, only
    ēnkunni (only, unique)
  2. sole, single, solitary

Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

  • em- (before p or b), e- (before m or n)

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see em.

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Spanish edit

Alternative forms edit

  • em- (before b or p)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Spanish en-, from Latin in-, prefixation of Latin in (in, into); see en.

Prefix edit

en-

  1. en- (all meanings) (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Tocharian A edit

Etymology edit

Related to Tocharian B en-, either borrowed into or from Tocharian A. Of uncertain origin, possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European, cognate with Ancient Greek αἶνος (aînos, story, tale).

Verb edit

en-

  1. to instruct, teach
  2. to punish

Tocharian B edit

Etymology edit

Related to Tocharian A en-, either borrowed into or from Tocharian B. Of uncertain origin, possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European, cognate with Ancient Greek αἶνος (aînos, story, tale).

Verb edit

en-

  1. to instruct, teach
  2. to punish

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “en-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 87

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

en-

  1. affirmative prefix, emphasises prefixed word
    en- + ‎mawr (big) → ‎enfawr (huge)
    en- + ‎pyd (danger) → ‎enbyd (dangerous, exceeding, pressing)

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
en- unchanged unchanged hen-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “en-”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Xhosa edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Prefix edit

en-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notes edit

The variant form em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (b, f, m, p, v).

Zulu edit

Etymology edit

From a- (relative) +‎ n- (class 9 basic noun prefix).

Prefix edit

ḗn-

  1. Class 9 adjective concord.

Usage notes edit

The variant form em- is used before stems beginning with a labial consonant (b, f, m, p, v).

References edit