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See also: Leiden

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DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch leiden, from Old Dutch leiden, from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

leiden

  1. (transitive) to lead, to take the lead
  2. (transitive) to guide
  3. (intransitive) to lead, to go, to follow a path to
    Alle wegen leiden naar Rome.
    All roads lead to Rome.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of leiden (weak)
infinitive leiden
past singular leidde
past participle geleid
infinitive leiden
gerund leiden n
present tense past tense
1st person singular leid leidde
2nd person sing. (jij) leidt leidde
2nd person sing. (u) leidt leidde
2nd person sing. (gij) leidt leidde
3rd person singular leidt leidde
plural leiden leidden
subjunctive sing.1 leide leidde
subjunctive plur.1 leiden leidden
imperative sing. leid
imperative plur.1 leidt
participles leidend geleid
1) Archaic.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

leiden

  1. Genitive plural form of lei.

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

leiden

  1. Genitive plural form of lee.

AnagramsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German līden, from Old High German līdan, from Proto-Germanic *līþaną. Cognate with Dutch lijden, English lithe. The sense developed from “go, travel” via “endure” to “suffer”. This happened under the influence of the originally unrelated noun Leid (sorrow), which is cognate with English loath.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlaɪ̯dən/, [ˈlaɪ̯dn̩]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

leiden (class 1 strong, third-person singular simple present leidet, past tense litt, past participle gelitten, past subjunctive litte, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to bear; to endure; to undergo (some hardship)
    Lerne leiden ohne zu klagen.
    Learn to suffer without complaining.
  2. (intransitive) to suffer; to feel pain
  3. (intransitive) to suffer (from; a disease)
    • 2012 April 20, Die Welt [1], page 22:
      Durch Passivrauchen steigt bei Kindern das Risiko, dass sie als Erwachsene an einer chronisch-obstruktiven Lungenerkrankung leiden.
      By passive smoking, the risk increases in children that they suffer from chronic obstructive lung disease as adults.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • Leid (this and the following are related by secondary association only)
  • leid
  • leider

Further readingEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German līdan, from Proto-Germanic *līþaną. Cognate with German leiden, Dutch lijden, English lithe, Icelandic líða. Related to leeden.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

leiden (third-person singular present leit, past participle gelidden, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (intransitive) to suffer, to feel pain
  2. (transitive) to bear, to suffer, to endure

ConjugationEdit

Regular
infinitive leiden
participle gelidden
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular leiden
2nd singular leits leit
3rd singular leit
1st plural leiden
2nd plural leit leit
3rd plural leiden
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch leiden, from Proto-Germanic *laidijaną.

VerbEdit

leiden

  1. to lead, to bring
  2. to lead, to guide, to conduct
InflectionEdit
Weak
Infinitive leiden
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive leiden
In genitive leidens
In dative leidene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular leide
2nd singular leits, leides
3rd singular leit, leidet
1st plural leiden
2nd plural leit, leidet
3rd plural leiden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular leide
2nd singular leits, leides
3rd singular leide
1st plural leiden
2nd plural leit, leidet
3rd plural leiden
Imperative Present
Singular leit, leide
Plural leit, leidet
Present Past
Participle leidende
Alternative formsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

leiden ?

  1. Leiden (a city)
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • leiden (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • leiden (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • leiden (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *laidijaną.

VerbEdit

leiden

  1. to lead, to bring

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • lēden”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012