See also: Saber

English

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

saber (plural sabers)

  1. (American spelling) Alternative form of sabre
  2. Clipping of lightsaber

Verb

edit

saber (third-person singular simple present sabers, present participle sabering, simple past and past participle sabered)

  1. (American spelling) Alternative form of sabre

Translations

edit

Anagrams

edit

Asturian

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Latin sapere (taste, know).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /saˈbeɾ/, [saˈβ̞eɾ]

Verb

edit

saber

  1. to know
edit

Catalan

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Old Catalan saber, from Vulgar Latin *sapēre, from Latin sapĕre (taste, know).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

saber (first-person singular present , first-person singular preterite sabí, past participle sabut)

  1. to know (a fact), to have knowledge
  2. to know how to

Conjugation

edit

Derived terms

edit
edit

Noun

edit

saber m (plural sabers)

  1. knowledge, know-how

See also

edit

References

edit

Galician

edit

Etymology

edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese saber, from Latin sapere (taste, know).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

saber (first-person singular present sei, first-person singular preterite souben, past participle sabido)
saber (first-person singular present sei, first-person singular preterite soubem or soube, past participle sabido, reintegrationist norm)

  1. to know (a fact)
  2. to know how to do (something)
    Val máis saber que ter (proverb)
    Better to know than to have
  3. to find out
  4. (intransitive) to taste, to have a taste
    Sabe ben!It tastes good!
  5. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to like, enjoy
    A min sábeme o caldo.I like broth / I like this broth.

Usage notes

edit

Like Portuguese and Spanish, Galician has two different verbs that are usually translated to English as “to know”. The verb saber relates to factual knowledge and skills. In contrast, the verb coñecer relates to familiarity with people or places.

Conjugation

edit

Currently, it is not known where the first person singular form that is currently used for the present indicative, "sei", originates from.

Derived terms

edit
edit

See also

edit

Noun

edit

saber m (plural saberes)

  1. knowledge, know-how

References

edit
  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “saber”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “saber”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • saber” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • saber” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • saber” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Occitan

edit

Alternative forms

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Old Occitan saber, from Vulgar Latin *sapēre, from Latin sapĕre (taste, know).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

saber

  1. to know
    Antonym: ignorar

Conjugation

edit
edit

Old Occitan

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Vulgar Latin *sapēre, from Latin sapĕre (taste, know).

Verb

edit

saber

  1. to taste (have a certain taste)
  2. to know

Noun

edit

saber m (oblique plural sabers, nominative singular sabers, nominative plural saber)

  1. knowledge
edit

Descendants

edit
  • Catalan: saber

References

edit

Portuguese

edit

Etymology

edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese saber, from Latin sapere (taste, know).

The 1SG reflects an original */ˈsajᵒ/, in common with other Romance languages, of uncertain origin. The present subjunctive forms show consonant metathesis (sapiām > */ˈsajpa/ > Pt. saiba).

Pronunciation

edit
 
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /sɐˈbeɾ/ [sɐˈβeɾ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /sɐˈbe.ɾi/ [sɐˈβe.ɾi]

  • (Rural Central Brazil) IPA(key): /sɐˈbe(ɹ)/
  • Hyphenation: sa‧ber

Verb

edit

saber (first-person singular present sei, first-person singular preterite soube, past participle sabido)

  1. to know
    1. (intransitive) to be aware of a fact
      Perguntaram-me a resposta, mas eu não sabia.They asked me the answer, but I didn’t know.
      Sei que é verdade.I know it’s true.
    2. (transitive) to be aware of a value or piece of information
      • 2003, J. K. Rowling, Lia Wyler, Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix, Rocco, page 46:
        Olho-Tonto, você sabe que isso é nojento, não sabe?
        Mad-Eye, you know that this is disgusting, don't you?
      Eu sei qual é a capital da Assíria.I know what is the capital of Assyria.
      Ele sabe duzentos algarismos do número neperiano.He knows two hundred digits of Euler’s number.
    3. (auxiliary with a verb in the impersonal infinitive) to know how to do something
      Não sei fazer isso, mas ela sabe.I don’t know how to do this, but she knows.
      Sabes falar russo?Can you speak Russian?
  2. (transitive with de or sobre) to know about; to have heard about
    Soube da explosão que houve no centro?Have you heard about the downtown explosion?
  3. (Portugal) (transitive with a) to taste of (to have the same taste as)
    Um bom vinho sabe a carvalho.A good wine tastes like oak.
  4. (Portugal) to have a pleasant taste
    Como sabe esse vinho!How good does this wine taste!
  5. to learn (to become informed of something)
    Eles querem saber mais sobre o projeto.They want to learn more about the project.

Usage notes

edit
  • saber does not mean to know in the sense of knowing someone (who they are); for that, conhecer should be used instead.
  • although nonstandard, some speakers change the conjugation for the first person singular depending on the meaning of the verb: it is conjugated as sei if it means to know, but as saibo if it means to taste. Aside from this case, all the other verb forms are homonymous.

Conjugation

edit

Quotations

edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:saber.

Synonyms

edit

Descendants

edit

Noun

edit

saber m (plural saberes)

  1. knowledge; lore (intellectual understanding)
    Synonyms: conhecimento, sabedoria

Derived terms

edit
edit

Spanish

edit

Etymology

edit

Inherited from Latin sapere (taste, know). Compare English savvy, savor.

The 1SG reflects an original */ˈsajᵒ/, in common with other Romance languages, of uncertain origin. The present subjunctive forms show consonant metathesis (sapiām > */ˈsajpa/ > Sp. sepa).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /saˈbeɾ/ [saˈβ̞eɾ]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -eɾ
  • Syllabification: sa‧ber

Verb

edit

saber (first-person singular present , first-person singular preterite supe, past participle sabido)

  1. to know (a fact), to wit
    que volverá.I know that it'll come back.
    Lo siguiente que ...Next thing I know...
    que yo sepaas far as I know
    Si tu supieras...If you knew...
  2. to know how to do something
    Sabe hablar español.
    He knows how to speak Spanish.
  3. (in the preterite tense) to find out, to learn
  4. to taste
    Sabe a pollo.It tastes like chicken.
  5. to realize, to know (e.g. recognize)
    El hombre no sabe lo talentoso que su hijo es.
    The man doesn't realize how talented his son is.
  6. to tell, to know (i.e. to discern or distinguish if something is the case)
    Siempre es difícil saber si me mientes.
    It's always hard to tell if you're lying to me.
  7. (informal) to figure out
    Todavía estamos tratando de saber qué acaba de pasar.
    We're still trying to figure out what just happened.
  8. to hear from (+ de)
    No he sabido nada de ella en meses.
    I haven't heard from her in months.
  9. to hear of, to hear about, (+ de)
  10. to learn of, to learn about, to find out about, to know about (+ de)
  11. (reflexive) to be known
    Ya se sabe que uno de los factores que aceleran esta enfermedad es el estrés.
    It is known that one of the factors that speeds up this disease is stress.
  12. (reflexive) to know (extremely well)
    He oído que te sabes todas las líneas de la película de memoria.
    I heard that you know all the lines of the movie by heart.

Conjugation

edit

Derived terms

edit
edit

Noun

edit

saber m (plural saberes)

  1. knowledge

Derived terms

edit

See also

edit

Further reading

edit