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U+524A, 削
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-524A

[U+5249]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+524B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 火月中弓 (FBLN), four-corner 92200, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 140, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2000
  • Dae Jaweon: page 317, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 341, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+524A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw
*sreːw, *slewɢs
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw
*sreːw
*sreːw
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw
*sreːw, *sew
*sreːw, *sreːws
*sreːws
*sreːws, *sʰews, *sew
*sreːwɢs, *slew, *sreːwɢ
*sreːws
*sreːws
*sʰewʔ
*sʰews
*sʰews
*sʰews
*sʰews
*zews
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*sew
*slew
*sew
*slew, *slews
*slewɢs
*l'ewʔ
*seːw, *sleːw
*seːw
*slewɢ
*sreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *slewɢ): phonetic  (OC *slew, *slews) + semantic .

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • xiāo - vernacular (“to pare; to slice the ball”);
  • xuē/xuè - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiau⁴⁴/
/ɕyɛ²¹³/
/ɕyɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑu²¹/
/ɕye²¹/
Jinan /ɕyə²¹³/
Qingdao /syə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /syo²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕyo²¹/
Xining /ɕyu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕye¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕyə¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕyɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕio⁵⁵/ ~球
/ɕio²¹³/ 剝~
Chengdu /ɕye³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕio³¹/
Nanjing /sioʔ⁵/
/syeʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕyaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /siɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /siu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /sio²⁴/
Xiangtan /sio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /siok̚¹/
Taoyuan /siok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sœk̚³/
Nanning /ɬœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /sœk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔk̚³²/
/siaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siɛʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siɔ²⁴/
/sia²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siauʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tia⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/siak̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiāo xiào
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjak › ‹ sjewH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ewk/ /*[s]ewk-s/
English scrape, pare scrape, pare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13761
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slewɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to pare with a knife; to peel with a knife; to scrape off the surface; to slice
  2. to divide; to split; to separate
  3. to weaken; to reduce; to cut down
  4. to delete; to remove; to cut out
  5. to rob; to expropriate; to plunder
  6. (table tennis) to slice (the ball)
  7. (ideophonic) steep (as if sliced); precipitous; sheer
  8. (ideophonic) emaciated; scraggy; slender
  9. (historical) writing knife
  10. (historical) thin slips of wood used for writing; letters

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (qiào, “sword sheath”).

Pronunciation 3Edit



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shào
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[sˤ]rewk-s/
English zone near the capital

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (historical) fief within three hundred li from the state capital

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sak) (hangeul , revised sak, McCune-Reischauer sak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tước, tược, tướt, tượt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.