AsturianEdit

NounEdit

sur m (uncountable)

  1. south

BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sur inan

  1. (Biscayan) Alternative form of sudur

Further readingEdit

  • "sudur" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • sur” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Verbal noun to surre (to whirr) (imitative).

NounEdit

sur n (singular definite surret, plural indefinite sur)

  1. whirr (a sibilant buzz or vibration from insect wings)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse súrr (sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros.

AdjectiveEdit

sur

  1. sour (having an acid, sharp or tangy taste)
  2. (chemistry) acidic
  3. (of dairy products) spoiled
  4. (of a person or communication) surly, cross, annoyed, sulky, sore
  5. (of work or situation) unpleasant
InflectionEdit
Inflection of sur
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular sur surere surest2
Neuter singular surt surere surest2
Plural sure surere surest2
Definite attributive1 sure surere sureste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French sur.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sur/
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. on, upon

Derived termsEdit

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle French sur, from Old French sur, seur, sor, soure, souvre, sovre (on, upon, over), from Latin super (over, on, above), from *eks-uper, from *h₁eǵʰs (out of) (Latin ex) and *upér (above), from *upo. Doublet of super, a borrowing. Cognate with Old English ofer (over, above). More at over.

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. on, upon
  2. on top of
  3. from on top of
  4. above
  5. out of
    sept sur dixseven out of ten
  6. in the case of
  7. about, concerning
  8. (informal, France) in (a place)
    Synonyms: à, en, dans
    sur Parisin Paris
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French sur, from Old French sur (sour, bitter), from Frankish *sūr (acidic, sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz (sour). More at English sour.

AdjectiveEdit

sur (feminine sure, masculine plural surs, feminine plural sures)

  1. sour

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French sud, from Old English suþ, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.

NounEdit

sur m (plural sures)

  1. (uncountable) south (cardinal direction)
  2. (uncountable) the southern portion of a territory or region
  3. (countable) a southern; a wind blowing from the south

AntonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French surItalian su.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. on

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin super (above).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsur/
  • Rhymes: -ur
  • Syllabification: sùr

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of su used before words beginning with u (especially indefinite articles)
    sur un tavoloon a table

Further readingEdit

  • sur in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

MalteseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic سُور(sūr).

NounEdit

sur m (plural swar)

  1. wall, rampart
  2. bastion
  3. rock

Etymology 2Edit

Contraction of sinjur, from Sicilian signuri.

NounEdit

sur m (usually uncountable)

  1. mister, sir
    is-Sur ButtiġieġMr Buttigieg

Middle EnglishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sur

  1. Alternative form of sure

Middle High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German sūr, from Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *suHrós.

AdjectiveEdit

sūr

  1. sour

DescendantsEdit

  • Central Franconian: suur, souer
  • German: sauer
  • Luxembourgish: sauer
  • Vilamovian: zaojwer
  • Yiddish: זויער(zoyer)

ReferencesEdit

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

AdjectiveEdit

sur (neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surere, indefinite superlative surest, definite superlative sureste)

  1. sour (e.g. the characteristic taste of a lemon)
  2. In a bad temper, sulky
  3. acidic
    sur nedbøracid rain
  4. cold, unpleasant (often about weather)
    Det er surt ute.
    The weather is unpleasant outside
    Han prøver å gjøre livet surt for meg.
    He's trying to make life difficult for me.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

AdjectiveEdit

sur (neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surare, indefinite superlative surast, definite superlative suraste)

  1. sour
  2. acidic
    sur nedbøracid rain
  3. bad-tempered, annoyed, in a foul mood

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *sūr. Cognate with Old Saxon sūr, Old High German sūr, Old Norse súrr.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sūr

  1. sour

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Frankish *sūr (acidic, sour). Template:datedate CE.

AdjectiveEdit

sur m (oblique and nominative feminine singular sure)

  1. sour, biter
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. Alternative form of seur

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-West Germanic *sūr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *suHrós.

AdjectiveEdit

sūr

  1. sour

DescendantsEdit

Old SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz.

AdjectiveEdit

sūr

  1. sour

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

RohingyaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit चोर (cora).

NounEdit

sur (Hanifi spelling 𐴏𐴟𐴌)

  1. thief

Related termsEdit

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Most likely from a Slavic language. Compare Bulgarian сур (sur), Serbo-Croatian sur. A less likely etymology connects it to Latin syrus, or links it with Italian soro.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sur m or n (feminine singular sură, masculine plural suri, feminine and neuter plural sure)

  1. grey

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare surov.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sȗr (definite sȗrī, Cyrillic spelling су̑р)

  1. (expressive, literary) ash-gray
  2. (expressive, literary, figurative) gray, gloomy (of weather)
  3. (expressive, literary, figurative) glum, stern, scowling, sullen (of person's face or mood)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • sur” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French sud, from Old English suþ, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsuɾ/ [ˈsuɾ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uɾ
  • Syllabification: sur

NounEdit

sur m (plural sures)

  1. south
    Antonym: norte

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

sur

  1. Romanization of 𒋩 (sur)

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish sūr, from Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sur (comparative surare, superlative surast)

  1. sour; the characteristic taste of a lemon
  2. acetous; having a sour taste
  3. acidic
  4. in a bad temper; looking sour
  5. wet; damp (of something that should be dry)
    sura strumpor
    wet socks

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of sur
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular sur surare surast
Neuter singular surt surare surast
Plural sura surare surast
Masculine plural3 sure surare surast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 sure surare suraste
All sura surare suraste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit

TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish sur.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

sur

  1. south (compass point)
    Synonym: timog

Coordinate termsEdit

hilagang kanluran
norweste
hilaga
norte
hilagang silangan
nordeste
oksidente
kanluran
oeste
  oryente
silangan
este
salatan/sur oeste
timog-kanluran
sur
timog
sur este
timog-silangan

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

TurkishEdit

NounEdit

sur (definite accusative [[{{{1}}}#Turkish|{{{1}}}]], plural [[{{{2}}}#Turkish|{{{2}}}]])

  1. city wall