sur

Contents

AsturianEdit

NounEdit

sur m ‎(plural surs)

  1. south

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Verbal noun to surre ‎(to whirr).

NounEdit

sur n (singular definite surret, plural indefinite sur)

  1. whirr (a sibilant buzz or vibration from insect wings)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse súrr ‎(sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-.

AdjectiveEdit

sur ‎(neuter surt, definite and plural sure, comparative surere, superlative (predicative) surest, superlative (attributive) sureste)

  1. sour (having an acid, sharp or tangy taste)
  2. (chemistry) acidic
  3. (of dairy products) spoiled
  4. (of a person or communication) surly, cross, annoyed, sulky, sore
  5. (of work) unpleasant

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French sur.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. on, upon

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle French sur, from Old French sur, seur, sor, soure, sovre ‎(on, upon, over), from Latin super ‎(over, on, above), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)uperi ‎(over, above), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *eḱs ‎(out, out of) + Proto-Indo-European *uperi, *upo- ‎(over, above). Doublet of super. Cognate with Old English ofer ‎(over, above). More at over.

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. on, upon
  2. on top of
  3. from on top of
  4. above
  5. out of
    sept sur dix - seven out of ten
  6. in the case of
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French sur, from Old French sur ‎(sour, bitter), from Old Frankish *sūr ‎(acidic, sour), from Proto-Germanic *sūraz ‎(sour, acidic, salty, damp), from Proto-Indo-European *sūro- ‎(sour, salty, bitter). Cognate with Old High German sūr ‎(sour), Old English sūr ‎(sour). More at sour.

AdjectiveEdit

sur m ‎(feminine singular sure, masculine plural surs, feminine plural sures)

  1. sour

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French sud, from Old English suþ.

NounEdit

sur m ‎(plural sures)

  1. (uncountable) south (cardinal direction)
  2. (uncountable) the southern portion of a territory or region
  3. (countable) a southern; a wind blowing from the south

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French sur, Italian su.

PrepositionEdit

sur

  1. on

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

sur

  1. rafsi of surla.

MalteseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic سُور ‎(sūr)

NounEdit

sur m ‎(plural swar)

  1. wall, rampart
  2. bastion
  3. rock

Etymology 2Edit

From sinjur.

NounEdit

sur m ‎(nopl)

  1. sir, mister
Sur Smith -- Mister Smith

Etymology 3Edit

From Arabic صُوَر ‎(ṣuwar)

NounEdit

sur f

  1. plural of sura

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

AdjectiveEdit

sur ‎(neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surere, indefinite superlative surest, definite superlative sureste)

  1. sour (e.g. the characteristic taste of a lemon)
  2. In a bad temper, sulky
  3. acidic
    sur nedbør - acid rain
  4. cold, unpleasant (often about weather); eg: "Det er surt ute" (The weather is unpleasant outside"), "Han prøver å gjøre livet surt for meg" ("He's trying to make life difficult for me")

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-. Cognate with Danish sur, Icelandic súr, Dutch zuur, English sour and German sauer.

AdjectiveEdit

sur ‎(neuter singular surt, definite singular and plural sure, comparative surare, indefinite superlative surast, definite superlative suraste)

  1. sour
  2. acidic
    sur nedbør - acid rain

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *sūraz, whence also Old Saxon sūr, Old High German sūr, Old Norse súrr.

AdjectiveEdit

sūr

  1. sour

DescendantsEdit


Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *sūraz, whence also Old Saxon sūr Old English sūr, Old Norse súrr.

AdjectiveEdit

sūr

  1. sour

DescendantsEdit


RohingyaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Bengali.

NounEdit

sur

  1. thief

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Most likely from a Slavic language. Compare Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian sur. A less likely etymology connects it to Latin syrus, or links it with Italian soro.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sur 4 nom/acc forms

  1. grey

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare surov.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sȗr ‎(definite sȗrī, Cyrillic spelling су̑р)

  1. (expressive, literary) ash-gray
  2. (expressive, literary, figuratively) gray, gloomy (of weather)
  3. (expressive, literary, figuratively) glum, stern, scowling, sullen (of person's face or mood)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • sur” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French sud, from Old English suþ.

NounEdit

sur m ‎(plural sures)

  1. south

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse súrr, from Proto-Germanic *sūraz, from Proto-Indo-European *sūr-.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

sur

  1. sour; the characteristic taste of a lemon
  2. acetous; having a sour taste
  3. acidic
  4. In a bad temper; look sour
  5. wet; damp

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of sur
Indefinite/attributive Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular sur surare surast
Neuter singular surt surare surast
Plural sura surare surast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 sure surare suraste
All sura surare suraste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in an attributive role.

Derived termsEdit


TurkishEdit

NounEdit

sur ‎(definite accusative {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. city wall
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