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See also: Boss and boß

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bos, bose, boce, from Old French boce (lump, bulge, protuberance, knot), from Old Frankish *bottja ("a shoot, sprout"; whence also Italian boccia, bocciolo (bud); Italian bozzo (bump); French bosse (bump, hump)), a derivative of Old Frankish *bōtan (to push, thrust, strike, beat), from Proto-Germanic *bautaną (to push, beat), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰÀud-, *bʰÀu- (to beat, push, strike). Cognate with Old Frisian botta (a shock, thrust, blow), Middle Low German bote, bōte (bundle of flax), Old High German bōzo (bundle of flax), Old High German bōz (a blow). More at beat.

NounEdit

boss (plural bosses)

  1. A swelling, lump or protuberance in an animal, person or object.
  2. (geology) A lump-like mass of rock, especially one projecting through a stratum of different rock.
  3. A convex protuberance in hammered work, especially the rounded projection in the centre of a shield.
  4. (mechanics) A protrusion, frequently a cylinder of material that extends beyond a hole.
  5. (architecture) A knob or projection, usually at the intersection of ribs in a vault.
  6. (archery) the target block, made of foam but historically made of hay bales, to which a target face is attached.
  7. A wooden vessel for the mortar used in tiling or masonry, hung by a hook from the laths, or from the rounds of a ladder.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gwilt to this entry?)
  8. A head or reservoir of water.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

boss (third-person singular simple present bosses, present participle bossing, simple past and past participle bossed)

  1. (transitive) To decorate with bosses; to emboss.

Etymology 2Edit

Apparently a corruption of bass.

NounEdit

boss (plural bosses)

  1. (obsolete) A hassock or small seat, especially made from a bundle of straw.
    • 1916, James Joyce, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Macmillan Press Ltd, paperback, 36:
      All were waiting : uncle Charles, who sat far away in the shadow of the window, Dante and Mr Casey, who sat in the easy chairs at either side of the hearth, Stephen, seated on a chair between them, his feet resting on a toasting boss.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Dutch baas, from Middle Dutch baes (master of a household, friend), from Old Dutch *baso (uncle, kinsman), from Proto-Germanic *baswô, masculine form of Proto-Germanic *baswǭ (father's sister, aunt, cousin). Cognate with Middle Low German bās (supervisor, foreman), Old Frisian bas (master), Old High German basa ("father's sister, cousin"; > German Base (aunt, cousin)).

Originally a term of respect used to address an older relative, later, in New Amsterdam, it began to mean a person in charge who is not a master.

NounEdit

boss (plural bosses)

  1. A person who oversees and directs the work of others; a supervisor.
    Bad people make for bad bosses. ― Dawn Pine
  2. A person in charge of a business or company.
    Chat turned to whisper when the boss entered the conference room.
    My boss complains that I'm always late to work.
  3. A leader, the head of an organized group or team.
    They named him boss because he had good leadership skills.
  4. The head of a political party in a given region or district.
    He is the Republican boss in Kentucky.
  5. (informal, especially India) A term of address to a man.
    Yes, boss.
  6. (video games) An enemy, often at the end of a level, that is particularly challenging and must be beaten in order to progress.
  7. (humorous) Wife.
    There's no olive oil; will sunflower oil do? — I'll have to run that by the boss.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

boss (third-person singular simple present bosses, present participle bossing, simple past and past participle bossed)

  1. (transitive) To exercise authoritative control over; to tell (someone) what to do, often repeatedly.
    Synonyms: lord over, boss around
    • 1931, Robert L. May, Rudolph, The Red-Nosed Reindeer, Montgomery Ward (publisher):
      By YOU last night’s journey was actually bossed / Without you, I’m certain, we’d all have been lost.
    • 1932, Lorine Pruette, The Parent and the Happy Child, page 76
      His sisters bossed him and spoiled him. All their lives he was to go on being their little brother, who could do no wrong, because he was the baby; [...]
    • 1967, Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, The purloined paperweight, page 90
      She bossed him, and he's never gotten over it. She still orders him around, and instead of telling her to go soak her head, he just says 'Yes, ma'am' as weak as a newborn jellyfish [...]
    • 1980, Jean Toomer The wayward and the seeking: a collection of writings by Jean Toomer, page 40
      For if, on the one hand, I bossed him and showed him what to do and how to do it, [...]
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

boss (not comparable)

  1. (slang, US, Canada, Liverpudlian) Of excellent quality, first-rate.
    That is a boss Zefron poster.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English boss.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

boss m, f (plural boss or bosses)

  1. boss (leader)

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English boss.

NounEdit

boss m (invariable)

  1. boss (leader of a business, company or criminal organization)

SynonymsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

boss n (definite singular bosset, uncountable)

  1. garbage, rubbish, trash (leftover waste to be discarded)
Usage notesEdit

Used mainly in the Bergen region.

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

boss m (definite singular bossen, indefinite plural bosser, definite plural bossene)

  1. (colloquial) boss, supervisor (someone who oversees work)
  2. boss (final enemy in a video game)

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English boss.

NounEdit

boss c

  1. (video games) boss; final enemy
  2. (colloquial) boss, supervisor; someone who oversees work

DeclensionEdit

Declension of boss 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative boss bossen bossar bossarna
Genitive boss bossens bossars bossarnas