TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大 (K) or X大 (XK), four-corner 40000)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 81, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 31, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E42

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*hŋaːds
*ŋads
*ŋads

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (27)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨajH/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐiH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
y-
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjojH › ‹ ngjojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋa[t]-s/ /*ŋa[t]-s/
English mow, cut (v.) mow; regulate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14957
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋads/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. govern, control, manage
  2. nurture

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ye)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ye, McCune-Reischauer: ye)
  • Name (hangeul): , 징계할 (revised: bel, jinggyehal, McCune-Reischauer: pel, chinggyehal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit