See also: 𦫿
U+827E, 艾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-827E

[U+827D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+827F]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 140, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 廿大 (TK) or 難廿大 (XTK), four-corner 44400, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1017, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1475, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3172, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+827E

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋaːds, *ŋads) : semantic (grass) + phonetic (OC *ŋads).

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • Meixian:
    • nê4 - vernacular;
    • ngai4 - literary.
Note:
  • ngié - vernacular;
  • ngái - literary.
Note:
  • hiāⁿ - vernacular;
  • gāi/ngāi - literary;
  • ài - limited.
Note:
  • hian7 - vernacular;
  • ngai6 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ai⁵¹/
Harbin /ai⁵³/
Tianjin /nai⁵³/
Jinan /ŋɛ²¹/
Qingdao /ɣɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ai³¹²/
Xi'an /ŋai⁴⁴/
Xining /nɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /ŋai²¹³/
Wuhan /ai³⁵/
Chengdu /ŋai¹³/
Guiyang /ŋai²¹³/
/ai²¹³/
Kunming /æ²¹²/
Nanjing /ae⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʐe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ŋæ³⁵/
Hohhot /ŋɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ŋe²³/
Suzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
Hangzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋe²²/
Hui Shexian /ŋa²²/
Tunxi /ŋa¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ŋai⁵⁵/
/ŋai¹¹/
Xiangtan /ŋai²¹/
Gan Nanchang /ŋai²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ne⁵³/
Taoyuan /oi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋai²²/
Nanning /ŋai²²/
Hong Kong /ŋai²²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /gai²²/
/hiã²²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /ŋiɛ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ŋuɛ⁴⁴/
/ŋai⁴⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /hiã³¹/
/ŋãi³¹/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ai³⁵/
/ŋia²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (25)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter ngajH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋajH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑiH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ài
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngoi6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ài
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngajH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ŋˁa[t]-s/
English Artemisia; moxa

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːds/

Definitions edit

  1. mugwort, especially Chinese mugwort (Artemisia argyi)
  2. (obsolete) green
  3. (literary) pale; greyish white
  4. (literary) elderly person
  5. (literary) to end; to stop
    方興未方兴未  ―  fāngxīnɡwèi'ài  ―  to be in the ascendant
  6. (literary) beautiful lady
  7. (obsolete) to nurture; to foster
  8. (historical) an ancient place in modern-day Xiushui County, Jiangxi
  9. (historical) a mountain in modern-day Xintai, Shandong
  10. a surname
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

From . See 愛滋病 for more.

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. Only used in 艾滋病 (àizībìng).

Etymology 3 edit

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (27)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter ngjojH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨajH/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐiH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngai6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14958
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋads/

Definitions edit

  1. Alternative form of (, to mow; to harvest; to chop; to exterminate; sickle)
  2. Alternative form of (to govern; to control; to pacify; to admonish)

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. artemisia; mugwort, sagebrush, wormwood

Readings edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ngajH); compare Mandarin (ài):

  • Go-on: がい (gai)
  • Kan-on: がい (gai)

From Middle Chinese (MC ngjojH); compare Mandarin ():

From native Japanese roots:

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
もぐさ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
 もぐさ on Japanese Wikipedia

Possibly From () (moyu, to burn) + (くさ) (kusa, grass).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(もぐさ) (mogusa

  1. mugwort
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • English: moxa, moxibustion

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
よもぎ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
 ヨモギ on Japanese Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(よもぎ) (yomogi

  1. mugwort
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ngajH).

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (ssuk ae))

  1. moxa, mugwort
Compounds edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ngjojH).

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 다스릴 (daseuril ye))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]
  • Zonmal.com Hanja Dictionary (존말닷컴 한자사전/漢字辭典) (2002-2005). [3]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: ngải, nghệ, nghễ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.