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U+827E, 艾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-827E

[U+827D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+827F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿大 (TK) or X廿大 (XTK), four-corner 44400, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1017, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1475, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3172, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+827E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*ŋaːds, *ŋads
*hŋaːds
*ŋads
*ŋads

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːds, *ŋads): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *ŋads).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ngié - vernacular;
  • ngái - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hiāⁿ - vernacular;
    • gāi/ngāi - literary;
    • ài - limited.
    Note:
    • hian7 - vernacular;
    • ngai6 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ai⁵¹/
    Harbin /ai⁵³/
    Tianjin /nai⁵³/
    Jinan /ŋɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /ɣɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ai³¹²/
    Xi'an /ŋai⁴⁴/
    Xining /nɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /ŋai²¹³/
    Wuhan /ai³⁵/
    Chengdu /ŋai¹³/
    Guiyang /ŋai²¹³/
    /ai²¹³/
    Kunming /æ²¹²/
    Nanjing /ae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʐe̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɣai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ŋæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /ŋɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /e⁵³/
    Suzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
    Hangzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /ŋe²²/
    Hui Shexian /ŋa²²/
    Tunxi /ŋa¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋai⁵⁵/
    /ŋai¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ŋai²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋai²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ne⁵³/
    Taoyuan /oi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋai²²/
    Nanning /ŋai²²/
    Hong Kong /ŋai²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gai²²/
    /hiã²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋuɛ⁴⁴/
    /ŋai⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiã³¹/
    /ŋãi³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ai³⁵/
    /ŋia²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (25)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ŋˤa[t]-s/
    English Artemisia; moxa

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14953
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaːds/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. mugwort, especially Chinese mugwort (Artemisia argyi)
    2. green
    3. pale; greyish white
    4. beautiful lady
    5. elderly person
    6. to end; to stop
    7. to nurture; to foster
    8. (historical) an ancient place in modern-day Xiushui County, Jiangxi
    9. (historical) a mountain in modern-day Xintai, Shandong
    10. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 艾滋病 (àizībìng).

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (27)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨɐiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɐiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɐiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɐiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭɐiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯ɐiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    y-
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14958
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋads/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “to mow; to harvest; to chop; to exterminate; sickle”).
    2. Alternative form of (, “to govern; to control; to pacify; to admonish”).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    もぐさ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana もぐさ, rōmaji mogusa)

    1. mugwort
    DescendantsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よもぎ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana よもぎ, rōmaji yomogi)

    1. mugwort

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ae, ye) (hangeul , , revised ae, ye, McCune–Reischauer ae, ye, Yale ay, yey)

    1. () moxa, mugwort

    See alsoEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngải, nghệ, nghễ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.