U+827E, 艾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-827E

[U+827D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+827F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 廿大 (TK) or X廿大 (XTK), four-corner 44400, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1017, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1475, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3172, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+827E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːds, *ŋads): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *ŋads).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ngié - vernacular;
  • ngái - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hiāⁿ - vernacular;
    • gāi/ngāi - literary;
    • ài - limited.
    Note:
    • hian7 - vernacular;
    • ngai6 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ai⁵¹/
    Harbin /ai⁵³/
    Tianjin /nai⁵³/
    Jinan /ŋɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /ɣɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ai³¹²/
    Xi'an /ŋai⁴⁴/
    Xining /nɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /ŋai²¹³/
    Wuhan /ai³⁵/
    Chengdu /ŋai¹³/
    Guiyang /ŋai²¹³/
    /ai²¹³/
    Kunming /æ²¹²/
    Nanjing /ae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʐe̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɣai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ŋæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /ŋɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /e⁵³/
    Suzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
    Hangzhou /ŋe̞¹³/
    Wenzhou /ŋe²²/
    Hui Shexian /ŋa²²/
    Tunxi /ŋa¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋai⁵⁵/
    /ŋai¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ŋai²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋai²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ne⁵³/
    Taoyuan /oi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋai²²/
    Nanning /ŋai²²/
    Hong Kong /ŋai²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gai²²/
    /hiã²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋiɛ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋuɛ⁴⁴/
    /ŋai⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiã³¹/
    /ŋãi³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ai³⁵/
    /ŋia²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (25)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ŋˁa[t]-s/
    English Artemisia; moxa

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14953
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaːds/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. mugwort, especially Chinese mugwort (Artemisia argyi)
    2. green
    3. pale; greyish white
    4. beautiful lady
    5. elderly person
    6. to end; to stop
    7. to nurture; to foster
    8. (historical) an ancient place in modern-day Xiushui County, Jiangxi
    9. (historical) a mountain in modern-day Xintai, Shandong
    10. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 艾滋病 (àizībìng).

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (27)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨɐiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɐiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɐiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɐiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭɐiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯ɐiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    y-
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14958
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋads/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (, “to mow; to harvest; to chop; to exterminate; sickle”).
    2. Alternative form of (, “to govern; to control; to pacify; to admonish”).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    もぐさ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (もぐさ) (mogusa

    1. mugwort
    DescendantsEdit
    • English: moxa, moxibustion

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    よもぎ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    NounEdit

    (よもぎ) (yomogi

    1. mugwort

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ae, ye) (hangeul , , revised ae, ye, McCune–Reischauer ae, ye, Yale ay, yey)

    1. () moxa, mugwort

    See alsoEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngải, nghệ, nghễ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.