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See also:
U+4F11, 休
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F11

[U+4F10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F12]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人木 (OD), four-corner 24290, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 96, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 440
  • Dae Jaweon: page 203, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 117, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+4F11

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰuː
*qʰruː, *qʰru
*kʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu, *qʰoʔ
*qʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu
*qʰu

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (man) +  (tree) – a man leaning against a tree, resting.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiou⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiou²¹/
Jinan /ɕiou²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕiou²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiou²¹/
Xining /ɕiɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiou³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕiəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕiəɯ³¹/
Hefei /ɕiɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiəu¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕiɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiø³³/
Wenzhou /ɕau³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiu³¹/
Tunxi /siu¹¹/ ~息
/ɕiu¹¹/ ~寧
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu³³/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /hiu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hiu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐu⁵³/
Nanning /jɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hĩu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huw/
Li
Rong
/xiu/
Wang
Li
/xĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiū
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiū xiū
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjuw › ‹ xjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ(r)u/ /*qʰ(r)u/
English rest (v.) blessing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13919
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰu/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to rest; to relax
  2. joyous; happy
  3. to stop; to cease
  4. to retire
  5. (historical) to cast off one’s wife and send her home; to divorce one's wife
  6. do not; don't
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

See also 休する

NounEdit

(hiragana きゅう, rōmaji kyū)

  1. rest; vacation

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hyu)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: hyu, McCune–Reischauer: hyu)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hưu, hầu, hươu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit