See also:
U+4FCE, 俎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FCE

[U+4FCD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FCF]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人人月一 (OOBM), four-corner 87810, composition )

  1. chopping board or chopping block
  2. painted

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 104, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 679
  • Dae Jaweon: page 221, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 156, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4FCE

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𤕲

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – sacrificial altar for meat. The altar's legs are on the left and the vessel is on the right.

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsrjoX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃiɔX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zo2
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10447
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsraʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. (historical) sacrificial altar; stand or vessel for meat and food sacrifice
  2. (literary) chopping board; chopping block
  3. a surname

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Borrowing from Middle Chinese (MC tsrjoX, “a wooden stand used in offering rites”). Compare modern Cantonese reading zo2.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

() (so

  1. sacrificial altar
  2. cutting board; a chopping board
Usage notes edit

This reading appears to be less common. For the cutting board sense in particular, the manaita reading below is more common.

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
まないた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
まないた
[noun] a chopping board, a cutting board
[noun] (slang) a girl with a flat chest (compare the English expression flat as a board)
Alternative spellings
俎板, 真魚板
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit

  1. ^ Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune–Reischauer cho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.