Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓中月一 (NLBM), four-corner 77210, composition)

  1. to impede, to hinder, to block, to obstruct
  2. to oppose

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1347, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41593
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1849, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4121, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+963B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɨʌX/ /ʈ͡ʂi̯woX/ /t͡ʃiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂiɔX/ /ʈ͡ʂɨə̆X/ /t͡ʃĭoX/ /t͡ʃiɔX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɨʌH/ /ʈ͡ʂi̯woH/ /t͡ʃiɔH/ /ʈ͡ʂiɔH/ /ʈ͡ʂɨə̆H/ /t͡ʃĭoH/ /t͡ʃiɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tsrjoX › /*[ts]raʔ/ filled with obstacles

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10446 0 /*ʔsraʔ/
10450 0 /*ʔsras/

VerbEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trở)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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