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U+5951, 契
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5951

[U+5950]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5952]
U+F909, 契
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F909

[U+F908]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F90A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 37 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手竹大 (QHK), four-corner 57432, composition)

  1. deed, contract, bond
  2. engrave

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 251, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5917
  • Dae Jaweon: page 513, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 536, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5951

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰoŋ, *boŋ, *ɡaːds
*kreːds
*kʰjeds, *ɡeːds, *kʰjed
*ɡjeds
*kʰeːds, *kʰeːd, *kʰeːd, *kʰɯd
*kʰeːds
*ɡeːds
*ɡeːds
*kreːd, *sqʰeːd
*kʰreːd
*qreːd, *kraːd, *kʰeːd
*qreːd
*sqʰeːd
*sqʰeːd
*keːd
*keːd, *ɡeːd
*keːd, *kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*kʰeːd
*ŋeːd
*qʰeːd
*ŋ̥ʰeːɡ

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • khòe - vernacular;
    • khè - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (29)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰeiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰeiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɛjH/
Li
Rong
/kʰeiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiè
Middle
Chinese
‹ khejH › ‹ khet ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤet-s/ /*kʰˤet/
English script notches cut

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 6493
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeːds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. contract; deed
  2. (Cantonese, Min Nan) adopted; adoptive; foster
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (29)
Final () (58)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɨt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɨt̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰiət̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 6519
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 契丹 (Qìdān).

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 4Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (29)
Final () (87)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰet̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰet̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰet̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰiet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qie
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiè
Middle
Chinese
‹ khet ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˤet/
English 契闊 hard-working (Ode 31.4)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4 3/4
No. 6511 6514
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰeːd/ /*kʰeːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. pledge (allegiance)
  2. commit oneself
  3. promise (loyalty)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひさし, rōmaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gye, geul) (hangeul , , revised gye, geul, McCune-Reischauer kye, kŭl)

  1. deed
  2. contract, bond
  3. engrave

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khế, khé, khè, khía, khít, khẻ, khẽ, khịt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.