U+5951, 契
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5951

[U+5950]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5952]
U+F909, 契
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F909

[U+F908]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F90A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 37, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手竹大 (QHK), four-corner 57432, composition(GHTKV) or ⿱𭃌(J))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 251, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5917
  • Dae Jaweon: page 513, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 536, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5951

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
           

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰeːds, *kʰeːd, *kʰeːd, *kʰɯd): phonetic + semantic .

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • khòe - vernacular;
    • khè - literary.
  • (Teochew)

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰeiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰeiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰeiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khejH › ‹ khet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˁet-s/ /*kʰˁet/
    English script notches cut

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 6493
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeːds/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. contract; deed
    2. to agree; to conform with; to tally with
    3. (literary) to carve; to engrave
    4. (literary) carved writing; engraved writing
    5. (Cantonese, Min Nan) adopted; adoptive; foster

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (58)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɨt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qi
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/4
    No. 6519
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯd/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 契丹 (Qìdān, “the Khitans”).

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Xie (ancestor of the kings of the Shang dynasty)

    Etymology 4Edit

    simp. and trad.

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰet̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰet̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰet̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰiet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰiet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qie
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiè
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˁet/
    English 契闊 hard-working (Ode 31.4)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4 3/4
    No. 6511 6514
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰeːd/ /*kʰeːd/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 契闊契阔 (qièkuò, “assiduous; separate; etc.”).
    2. Alternative form of (qiè, “to take; to carry”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 5Edit

    simp. and trad.

    Orthographic borrowing from Japanese (ひさし) (Hisashi).

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Hisashi (a Japanese male given name)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. pledge (allegiance)
    2. commit oneself
    3. promise (loyalty)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (ひさし) (Hisashi

    1. A male given name

    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC kʰeiH). Recorded as Middle Korean 계〯 (Yale: kyey) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 맺을 (maejeul gye))

    1. Hanja form? of (contract, bond; deed; engrave).
    2. Hanja form? of (a Korean rotating savings and credit association).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC kʰɨt̚).

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 부족 이름 (bujok ireum geul))

    1. (historical) Hanja form? of (a tribe name).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    From Middle Chinese / (MC set̚).

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 사람 이름 (saram ireum seol))

    1. Hanja form? of (used in personal names).
    2. (historical) Hanja form? of (Xie (ancestor of the kings of the Shang dynasty)).

    Etymology 4Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC kʰet̚).

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 애쓸 (aesseul gyeol))

    1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (to be assiduous; to work hard; to toil).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]
    • Supreme Court of the Republic of Korea (대한민국 대법원, Daehanmin-guk daebeobwon) (2018). Table of hanja for personal names (인명용 한자표 / 人名用漢字表, inmyeong-yonghanjapyo), page 3,6,23. [3]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khế, khé, khè, khía, khít, khẻ, khẽ, khịt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.