U+654F, 敏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-654F

[U+654E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6550]

U+FA41, 敏
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA41

[U+FA40]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA42]
敏 U+2F8C8, 敏
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8C8
㩬
[U+2F8C7]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 敬
[U+2F8C9]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 66, +7 in Chinese, 攴+6 in Japanese, 11 strokes in Chinese, 10 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人卜人大 (OYOK), four-corner 88540, composition )

  1. fast, quick, clever, smart
  2. A given name

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 471, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13202
  • Dae Jaweon: page 823, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1463, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+654F

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou
Bronze inscriptions
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *mrɯʔ, *mrɯŋʔ) : phonetic (OC *mɯːʔ) + semantic (hand; action). The component was sometimes written as (“hand”) in early writing.

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • miang2 - Shantou;
  • miêng2 - Chaozhou.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /min²¹⁴/
Harbin /min²¹³/
Tianjin /min¹³/
Jinan /miẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /miə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /min⁵³/
Xi'an /miẽ⁵³/
Xining /miə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /miŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /mĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /miŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /min⁴²/
Chengdu /min⁵³/
Guiyang /min⁴²/
Kunming /mĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /min²¹²/
Hefei /min²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /miəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /miŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /mĩŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /miŋ²³/
Suzhou /min⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /min⁵³/
Wenzhou /meŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /miʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /min³¹/
Xiang Changsha /min⁴¹/
Xiangtan /min⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /min²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /men³¹/
Taoyuan /mien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn²³/
Nanning /mɐn²⁴/
Hong Kong /mɐn¹³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /bin⁵³/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /miŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /meiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /miaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /min²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter minX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mienX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mjinX/
Li
Rong
/mjĕnX/
Wang
Li
/mǐĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mǐn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
man5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ minX ›
Old
Chinese
/*mrə[n]ʔ/ (~ *mrəʔ)
English diligent, active

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9296 9297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mrɯʔ/ /*mrɯŋʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. quick
  2. clever

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]


&#xFA41;
or
+&#xFE00;?
 
敏󠄀
+&#xE0100;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
敏󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. alert
  2. agile
  3. quick

Readings edit

Compounds edit


Kanji in this term
びん
Grade: S
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC minX).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

(びん) (bin-na (adnominal (びん) (bin na), adverbial (びん) (bin ni))

  1. quick, sharp

Inflection edit

Noun edit

(びん) (bin

  1. quickness, sharpness

Proper noun edit

(さとし) (Satoshi

  1. a male given name

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 민첩할 (mincheophal min))

  1. Hanja form? of (nimble, agile).
  2. Hanja form? of (quick-witted).
  3. Hanja form? of (humble, well-mannered).
  4. Hanja form? of (thorough).
  5. Hanja form? of (hardworking).

Compounds edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: mẫn, mắn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds edit