language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
clear; bright; to understand; next; the Ming dynasty
|simp. and trad.
Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese 文明 (bunmei, “civilization”), which was in turn a semantic readaptation of Chinese 文明 (wénmíng, “elegance and brightness; being civilised and cultured”).
- 文明交往 ― wénmíng jiāowǎng ― to socialize in a civilized manner
- (dated) modern
- (archaic) having literary talent
- 其德剛健而文明，應乎天而時行。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: I Ching, 3rd – 2nd millennia BCE
- Qí dé gāngjiàn ér wénmíng, yìng hū tiān ér shí xíng. [Pinyin]
- The attributes (of its component trigrams) are strength and vigour with elegance and brightness. (The ruling line in it) responds to (the ruling line in the symbol of) heaven, and (consequently) its action is (all) at the proper times.
其德刚健而文明，应乎天而时行。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
- → Japanese: 文明 (bunmei)
|Kanji in this term|
- 文明開化 (bunmeikaika)