See also:
U+7FA4, 群
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FA4

[U+7FA3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FA5]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 123, +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 尸口廿手 (SRTQ) or 難尸口廿手 (XSRTQ), four-corner 18651, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 952, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1396, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3134, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7FA4

Chinese edit

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɡlun): phonetic (OC *klun) + semantic .

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-kul (twenty; all); cognate with (OC *kuːn, “swarming”), Tibetan ཀུན (kun, all), Burmese အကုန် (a.kun, all) (Benedict, 1972; STEDT).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter gjun
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gun/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuən/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qún
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
kwan4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qún
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ur/
English flock, herd, group

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7295
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡlun/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. group; crowd; flock; herd; pack
  2. multitude; many people
  3. (group theory) group
  4. (social media) group (of a group chat)
    退  ―  qún, tuìqún  ―  to join a group, to leave a group
    dalaodalao  ―  qúnlǐ de dàlǎomen  ―  all the great masters in the group
      ―  fā cuò qún  ―  to post to the wrong group
  5. numerous; many
  6. Classifier for groups of people or animals: group of; flock of; herd of; pack of
  7. (Cantonese, often derogatory) to hang out with
  8. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC gjun)
  9. a surname

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (ぐん) (gun)

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
ぐん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

Noun edit

(ぐん) (gun

  1. a group of people, animals, etc.
  2. (group theory) a group

Suffix edit

(ぐん) (-gun

  1. group of people, animals, etc.

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
むら
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Definitions edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
むら
[noun] , , : gathering, grouping
[affix] , , : gathering, grouping
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 무리 (muri gun))

  1. Hanja form? of (group, crowd, horde, herd, flock, folk, people, mob). [1]
  2. (무리[2] 군): to crowd, flock, gather, assemble
  3. (많을 군): multitude

References edit

  1. ^ Compare Japanese Kun 群れ (むれ, mure, "crowd").
  2. ^ Compare Japanese Kun 群れる (むれる, mureru, "to crowd").

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: quần, còn, quằn, cơn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.