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ChineseEdit

cricket cricket
simp. and trad.
(蟋蟀)
alt. forms 螅蟀
蟋𧍓
悉𧍓
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
蟋蟀
 
蟋蟀。

EtymologyEdit

A reduplicative Old Chinese compound of the shape /*srit srut/.

Some similar words can be found in neighbouring languages:

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Initial () (16) (21) (21)
Final () (48) (51) (52)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Closed
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪt̚/ /ʃɪt̚/ /ʃiuɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sit̚/ /ʃɪt̚/ /ʃʷit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjet̚/ /ʃiet̚/ /ʃjuet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sit̚/ /ʂit̚/ /ʂwit̚/
Li
Rong
/siĕt̚/ /ʃiĕt̚/ /ʃiuĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕt̚/ /ʃĭet̚/ /ʃĭuĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕt̚/ /ʂi̯æt̚/ /ʂi̯uĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xi she shuai
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shuài
Middle
Chinese
‹ srit › ‹ srwit ›
Old
Chinese
/*srit/ /*srut/
English 蟋蟀 cricket 蟋蟀 cricket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
No. 13340 13343 8609
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sid/ /*srid/ /*srud/
Notes

NounEdit

蟋蟀

  1. cricket (insect)

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 蟋蟀 (“cricket”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蟋蟀促織蜻蛚蝍蛆吟蛩秋蛩懶婦
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蟋蟀
Taxonomic name 蟋蟀
Mandarin Beijing 蛐蛐兒
Taiwan 蟋蟀
Harbin 蛐蛐兒
Shenyang 蛐蛐兒
Jinan 蛐兒蛐兒
Muping 蛐蛐子
Luoyang 蛐蛐
Xi'an 蛐蛐兒
Xining 秋蟬兒蛐蛐
Xuzhou 蛐兒蛐兒
Yinchuan 黑油麥蚱蛐蛐
Lanzhou 蛐蛐錯翅子
Wuhan 蛐蛐
Chengdu 叫雞子叫雞雞蛐蛐兒
Guiyang 蛐蛐
Liuzhou 蛐蛐
Kunming 蛐蛐兒
Yangzhou 蛐蛐子
Nanjing 蛐織
Hefei 蛐蛐蛐蛐子
Cantonese Guangzhou 織蟀
Hong Kong 蟋蟀
Dongguan 子蟀
Yangjiang 足蟀
Gan Nanchang 蛐蛐
Lichuan 蟋蟀
Pingxiang 蟋蟀蟋蟀仔
Hakka Meixian 蟋蟀仔
Xingning 土唧哩
Huidong 草蝍
Qujiang 草雞子
Xiaosanjiang 草蝍
Changting 草蝍
Pingyu 草織子
Wuping 草織子
Liancheng 草蝍
Ninghua 草虻
Yudu 蟋蟀子
Ruijin 山灶雞
Shicheng 山灶雞子
Shangyou 蟋蟀
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 土狗仔草唧仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 土狗仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 土狗仔草唧仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 土狗草唧
Zhuolan (Raoping) 土狗仔草唧仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 土狗
Huizhou Jixi 織織
Jin Taiyuan 蛐蛐
Xinzhou 黑色兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 蟋蟀
Min Dong Fuzhou 蟋蟀
Fuqing 壁蟀
Min Nan Xiamen 蟋蟀
Quanzhou 蟋蟀
Zhangzhou 蟋蟀記蟀
Taipei 杜猴蟋蟀蟋蟀仔
Kaohsiung 杜伯仔杜猴
Tainan 杜伯仔蟋蟀蟋蟀仔
Taichung 杜猴蟋蟀仔
Wuqi 灶雞仔
Hsinchu 杜猴
Taitung 烏龍仔
Lukang 杜猴蟋蟀烏龍
Sanxia 杜猴
Yilan 杜猴
Kinmen 杜猴蟋蟀
Magong 杜猴烏龍赤蜣蟋蟀
Penang cengkerik
Chaozhou 蟋蟀
Pinghua Nanning 勝勝土狗
Wu Shanghai 蹔𧉆
Suzhou 蹔𧉆
Hangzhou 蛐蛐兒
Wenzhou 蟋蟀
Chongming 蹔𧉆
Danyang 治治
Jinhua 蟋蟀兒
Ningbo 蹔𧉆丁獅子
Xiang Changsha 蛐蛐
Shuangfeng 蟋蟀
Loudi 蟋蟀子

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 蟋蟀

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蟋蟀 (hiragana こおろぎ, katakana コオロギ, rōmaji kōrogi, historical hiragana こほろぎ)

  1. a cricket (insect)

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しつ > しっ
Hyōgaiji
しゅつ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蟋蟀 (hiragana しっしゅつ, rōmaji shisshutsu, historical hiragana しつしゆつ)

  1. a cricket (insect)

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
しつ > しっ
Hyōgaiji
しゅつ > しつ
Hyōgaiji
Irregular
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

蟋蟀 (hiragana しっしつ, rōmaji shisshitsu, historical hiragana しつしつ)

  1. a cricket (insect)

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

蟋蟀 (hiragana させ, rōmaji sase)

  1. (archaic) a cricket (insect)

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

蟋蟀 (hiragana きりぎりす, katakana キリギリス, rōmaji kirigirisu)

  1. Alternative spelling of 螽斯 (Japanese katydid)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3