See also: and
U+6B78, 歸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B78

[U+6B77]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B79]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 77, +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 竹一尸一月 (HMSMB), four-corner 27127, composition ⿰⿱𠂤)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 578, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 968, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1446, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+6B78

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms


𦤇

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Ideogram (指事): 𠂤 (ancient form of (“troops”)) +  (broom; sweep) – to eradicate the enemy and return.

Some analyse the component in the oracle bone script as a ligature of (“to stop, to cease”) and (“peripheral tribes”), i.e. “(of tribes in the periphery) to cease enmity and submit”.

A (“foot”) or (“walking”) component was further added in the bronze inscriptions.

Shuowen deems 𠂤 to be the phonetic component of this character.

Etymology 1Edit

Starostin and Schuessler (2007) consider this a possible derivative of (OC *ɡuːl, “to revolve; to return”). Compared with Tibetan འཁོར ('khor, circle; turn; to turn round; to return) by Xue (2001) and Wang (2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • 1jy - colloquial (歸去);
  • 1kue - literary.
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kuei⁵⁵/
    Harbin /kuei⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /kuei²¹/
    Jinan /kuei²¹³/
    Qingdao /kue²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /kuei²⁴/
    Xi'an /kuei²¹/
    Xining /kuɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kuei⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /kuei³¹/
    Ürümqi /kuei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kuei⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /kuei⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /kuei⁵⁵/
    Kunming /kuei⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /kuəi³¹/
    Hefei /kue²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /kuei¹¹/
    Pingyao /kuei¹³/
    Hohhot /kuei³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /kue⁵³/
    Suzhou /kue̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /kui³³/
    Wenzhou /kai³³/
    /t͡ɕy³³/ 當歸
    Hui Shexian /kue³¹/
    Tunxi /kue¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /kuei³³/
    Xiangtan /kuəi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /kui⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /kui⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kui²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐi⁵³/
    Nanning /kʷɐi⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kwɐi⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kui⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuoi⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kui³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kui²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (21)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʉi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɨi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuəi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuj/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiuəi/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭwəi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwe̯i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjwɨj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷəj/
    English return (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17748
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*klul/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to return (to a place); to come back to
    2. to return to (a person, a status); to revert to
    3. to submit to; to seek patronage
    4. to tend towards; to converge
    5. to belong to
    Usage notesEdit

    Usually written as in Buddhist terms (皈依 (guīyī), 三皈 (sānguī), 皈正, etc.).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ashamed; conscience-stricken”).
    (This character, , is an obsolete form of .)

    Etymology 3Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to present gift”).
    (This character, , is an obsolete form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. to return; to come back to

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 돌아갈 (doragal gwi))

    1. Hanja form? of (to return, to go back).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (qui, quy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.